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Yugoslav 1 dinar coin

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This article is about the Yugoslav coin struck in various types from 1925 to 2002. For Serbian coins of the same denomination, see Serbian 1 dinar coin (disambiguation). For Macedonian coins of a similar denomination, see Macedonian 1 denar coin. For unofficial pieces modeled after Ivo Kerdić's unaccepted 1937 coin designs, see Yugoslav 1 dinar coin (fantasy).
Dinar
Yugoslavia 1 dinar 2002
2002 coin
General information
Country

Flag of Serbia and Montenegro FR Yugoslavia
Flag of SFR Yugoslavia SFR/FPR Yugoslavia
Flag of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia DF Yugoslavia
Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Used by
Flag of Serbia Serbia (2006–2010)
Flag of Serbia Republic of Serbia (1999–2006)
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro FR Yugoslavia (1992–1999)
Flag of SFR Yugoslavia SFR/FPR Yugoslavia (1945–1992)
Flag of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia DF Yugoslavia (1945)
Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1925–1941)
Flag of German Reich (1935–1945) German occupied Serbia (1941–1942)
Value
Years

19252002

Measurements and composition
Mass
  • 5 g (1925)
  • 3.5 g (1938, 1992)
  • 3 g (1945)
  • 0.9 g (1953-1963)
  • 3.8 g (1965-1981)
  • 3.6 g (1982-1986)
  • 5.95 g (1990-1991)
  • 3.13 g (1993)
  • 4.96 g (1994)
  • 4.59 g (1994-1995)
  • 4.17 g (1996-1999)
  • 4.32 g (2000-2002)
Diameter
  • 23 mm (1925, 1994)
  • 21 mm (1938)
  • 20 mm (1945, 1982-1986, 1996-2002)
  • 19.8 mm (1953-1963)
  • 21.8 mm (1965-1981)
  • 24 mm (1990-1991)
  • 19 mm (1992)
  • 18 mm (1993)
  • 22 mm (1994-1995)
Thickness
  • 1.35 mm (1925)
  • 1.6 mm (1938-1945, 1992-1993, 1994-1995)
  • 1.3 mm (1953-1963)
  • 1.5 mm (1965-1986)
  • 1.8 mm (1990-1991)
  • 1.7 mm (1996-1999)
  • 1.85 mm (2000-2002)
Composition
Appearance
Shape

round

Alignment
Edge
  • reeded (1925, 1945, 1965-1991, 1996-2002)
  • plain (1938, 1953-1963, 1992-1995)
Obverse

See text

Reverse

See text

v · d · e

The 1 dinar coin is a circulation piece of Yugoslavia, a former Southeast European country that existed during the 20th and early 21st centuries. It was issued in 17 major types from 1925 to 2002: one under the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes; one under the Kingdom of Yugoslavia; one under the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (DF Yugoslavia); one under the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia (FPR Yugoslavia); seven under the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia); and six under the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FR Yugoslavia; later known as Serbia and Montenegro).

The first coin of the denomination was released in 1925, during the early reign of King Alexander I (1888–1934; r. 1921–1934). This piece was then followed in 1939 by a 1 dinar piece (dated 1938) of Alexander's son and successor, King Peter II (1923–1970; r. 1934–1945). Both of the aforementioned coins initially carried a legal tender face value of 1.00 Yugoslav Serbian dinar in their country of origin. By the time Yugoslavia was invaded and occupied by the Axis powers in the spring of 1941, the coin of Alexander had already been withdrawn from circulation. The 1 dinar piece of Peter, however, continued to see use in the Serbian region of occupied Yugoslavia until 1942, holding a value of 1.00 Serbian dinar, or 1250 of a Reichsmark.

Because the Yugoslav Serbian dinar was discontinued during World War II, the government of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia established a new currency, the Federation dinar, in the spring of 1945. A new 1 dinar coin of the denomination was distributed later the same year by DF Yugoslavia, and was followed in 1954 by a piece (dated 1953) of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia and in 1964 by a similar coin (dated 1963) of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. All three coins initially circulated for a value of 1.00 Federation dinar. By the end of 1956, the 1945 piece was demonetized and withdrawn from circulation. The other two pieces, however, continued to be used even after the Federation dinar was discontinued in 1965. During the brief period between then and mid-1968, these later two coins remained valid for 0.01 hard dinar before being withdrawn.

Under the hard dinar, five coins of the denomination were manufactured, each holding a face value equivalent to 1.00 dinar. The first piece was released at the end of 1965, and the second was introduced near the end of 1968. These were followed in 1973 by a third standard circulation type, which continued to be manufactured annually until 1981. In 1977 a commemorative 1 dinar piece celebrating the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) was also released into circulation. The final 1 dinar coin of the hard dinar was introduced in 1982 and produced until 1986. With the exception of the 1965 piece, which was withdrawn in 1985, all of these coins were eventually demonetized in 1988.

In 1990, the hard dinar was replaced at a rate of 10,000 to 1 by the convertible dinar. A single 1 dinar piece, produced from 1990 to 1991, was released under this currency. Initially carrying a value of 1.00 convertible dinar, the coin was withdrawn and demonetized in mid-1992.

The first 1 dinar piece of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was introduced in the middle of 1992 as part of the new Yugoslav reformed dinar. It held a value of 1.00 dinar before being demonetized in mid-1993.

With the introduction of the "1993" or October dinar in mid-1993, another 1 dinar circulation piece was released. It circulated briefly for a value of 1.00 "1993" dinar before being demonetized at the end of 1993.

When the short-lived "1994" or January dinar was introduced at the start of 1994, a single coin denominated at 1 dinar was struck. It circulated for 1.00 "1994" dinar for less than a month, and then circulated for 1.00 novi dinar until the middle of 1994.

The last incarnation of the Yugoslav dinar, the novi dinar, was introduced in 1994 and issued until 2003. Under this currency, three coins were manufactured, each holding a value of 1.00 novi dinar in the Republic of Serbia until 2003. From then they circulated for 1.00 Serbian dinar in the constituent Republic of Serbia and independent Serbia until their demonetization. The first of the coins was introduced in 1994 and remained in production until 1995. It was then followed in 1996 by a new type, which was eventually struck again in 1999. Both of these coins remained in circulation until the beginning of 2007. The final Yugoslav 1 dinar piece was then minted in 2000, and was later manufactured again in 2002. This coin continued to be used until its withdrawal at the start of 2010.

All of the coins were distributed by the National Bank of Yugoslavia (now the National Bank of Serbia) and its precursors, the National Bank of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and the National Bank of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. With the exception of the 1925 type, which was struck at the mint of the French Coinage Society in Poissy, France, and the Royal Belgian Mint in Brussels, Belgium, each of the pieces was produced at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins (Serbo-Croatian: Zavod za izradu novčanica i kovanog novca) in Belgrade, Yugoslavia (in modern Serbia).

CoinsEdit

Coins of the Serbian dinar (1925–1938)Edit

Coin of Alexander I (1925)Edit

Yugoslavia 1 dinar 1925

1925 coin

On December 1, 1918, not long after the conclusion of World War I, the Kingdom of Serbia was unified with Montenegro and the unrecognized State of Slovenes, Croats, and Serbs to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. Peter I Karađorđević (1844–1921; r. 1918–1921), the previous Serbian monarch, was declared king of the newly formed country, and his dynasty, the House of Karađorđević, was established as the nation's royal family. After Peter's death in 1921, his second oldest son, Alexander Karađorđević, was proclaimed the next King of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. Upon his accession to the throne, Alexander adopted the monarchical name Alexander I (Serbo-Croatian: Aleksandar I).

Because of the change in leadership, in 1925 the National Bank of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes authorized the production of a new series of coins consisting of denominations of 50 para and 1, 2, and 20 dinara. With the exception of the 20 dinar piece, these coins were intended to be used alongside the 5, 10, and 25 para pieces in circulation since 1920. The 1 dinar coin of the series was released on September 5, 1925, and remained in circulation until April 20, 1940. It was struck under commission at the Poissy Mint in France and the Royal Belgian Mint in Brussels and designed by Henri-Auguste Patey (1855–1930), the Graveur général des monnaies (General Engraver of Coins) at the Monnaie de Paris at the time.

The 1 dinar piece, which was solely manufactured in 1925, is composed of a cupronickel alloy of 75 percent copper and 25 percent nickel and measures 5 grams in mass, 23 millimeters in diameter, and 1.35 millimeters in thickness. It has coin alignment and a reeded edge, and like most coins, is round in shape. Both of the piece's rims are raised and decorated with a dentilated border.

A left-facing bust of Alexander I is displayed in the center of the obverse. The Cyrillic caption "АЛЕКСАНДАР I КРАЉ СРБА, ХРВАТА И СЛОВЕНАЦА" (Romanized: Aleksandar I, Kralj Srba, Hrvata, i Slovenaca), which translates from Serbo-Croatian as "Alexander I, King of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes", partially encircles the illustration, traveling clockwise from the piece's lower left to lower right boundaries. Engraved below the bust of Alexander in small print is the "A.PATEY" signature of the artist.

The face value "1 ДИНАР" (Romanized: 1 Dinar) is written on two lines in the middle of the reverse, the Gregorian date of minting, "1925", engraved horizontally below. A decorative wreath consisting of two tied branches extends from the piece's upper left to upper right peripheries, occupying much of the rim. The remainder of the rim at the top of the reverse contains the Karađorđević dynastic crown, a symbol of the Yugoslav monarchy. On coins struck in Poissy, a small thunderbolt mint mark is additionally included at about the seven o'clock position between the left branch in the wreath and the rim.

A total of approximately 75,000,000 examples of the coin were manufactured during a single year of production, with around 37,500,000 specimens struck at each mint. Ranko Mandić's Coins of Yugoslavia and Yugoslavian Lands 1700-1994 and derived works report a slightly higher total mintage of 75,000,410 pieces, assigning the additional 410 pieces to the Poissy Mint.

Trial strikes and errorsEdit

Proof trial strikes of the 1925 piece in aluminum, copper, nickel, and silver are known to exist. Cupronickel and nickel strikes of the Poissy Mint bearing the word "ESSAI" on the reverse are also reported.

On October 20, 2009, a user on Krstarica's Numizmatika i filatelija forum announced the existence of a previously undocumented variety of the 1925 coin. The piece, manufactured in Poissy, was described as being made of a nonmagnetic nickel-like metal and having a mass of 5.04 grams, a diameter of 25.1 millimeters, and a thickness of 0.95 millimeters. Because it was struck on a larger planchet, the design elements of both sides are reportedly larger than on standard coins. Numismatic author Zlatko Viščević, who was involved in the forum discussion, later included the piece in the 2011 edition of Coins and Banknotes of Yugoslavia, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Macedonia.

Another irregular variety of the 1925 piece with smooth rims and different lettering is also known. One example, which was evidently struck at the Poissy Mint, was auctioned by the Croatian auction house Barac & Pervan in 2009. It was first documented by Zlatko Viščević in his 2011 edition of Coins and Banknotes of Yugoslavia, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Macedonia.

Coin of Peter II (1938)Edit

Yugoslavia 1 dinar 1938

1938 coin

In response to growing separatism in Yugoslavia, in 1929, King Alexander I unpopularly abolished the country's first constitution, prorogued the Yugoslav Parliament, and established a personal dictatorship. That year, he also renamed the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and redefined the country's internal divisions. From then, Alexander ruled absolutely until his assassination in 1934.

After his death, Alexander's oldest son Peter became the next King of Yugoslavia, adopting the royal name Peter II (Serbo-Croatian: Petar II). However, being only 11 years old at the start of his reign, Peter was considered too young to rule, and was not allowed to assume the monarchical responsibilities of the kingdom. Because of this, Prince Paul Karađorđević (1893–1976), a cousin of the deceased King Alexander, was appointed to govern in the young Peter's place until he came of age to rule.

In spite of opposition from Peter and his advisers, in 1941, Prime Minister Dragiša Cvetković (1893–1969; i.o. 1939–1941), with support from Prince Paul, signed the Tripartite Pact, thereby aligning Yugoslavia with the Axis powers during World War II. In response, military conspirators staged a successful coup d'état against the government of Cvetković and Paul, and the Tripartite Pact was rejected. Although this initiative finally allowed the 17-year-old Peter to seize monarchical power, it inevitably led to the Axis invasion and subsequent occupation of Yugoslavia later that year.

In 1938, during Prince Paul's regency, the National Bank of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia authorized the production of a new coin series in denominations of 25 and 50 para, and 1, 2, 10, 20, and 50 dinara. Although dated 1938, the 1 dinar piece of the series was not released until October 20, 1939. From then, it circulated throughout Yugoslavia until the beginning of the Axis occupation in the spring of 1941. The piece then continued to be used in areas of German occupied Serbia until October 26, 1942. It was struck at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade. The pieces's designs, drafted by Dalmatian sculptor Frano Meneghello Dinčić (1900–1986), were the result of a coin design competition held by the National Bank of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia around 1937.

The 1 dinar coin, struck solely in 1938, is composed of an aluminum-bronze alloy of 91 percent copper and 9 percent aluminum and measures 3.5 grams in mass, 21 millimeters in diameter, and 1.6 millimeters in thickness. It has coin alignment and a plain edge, and is round in shape. Both of the piece's rims are raised, and that of the obverse is decorated with a beaded border. The reverse's rim is also adorned with a similar boundary, but it only extends along the upper and lower peripheries; the left and right rims are instead occupied by ornamental designs.

The Karađorđević dynastic crown appears in the middle of the obverse. It is surrounded completely by the Cyrillic inscription "КРАЉЕВИНА ЈУГОСЛАВИЈА" (Romanized: Kraljevina Jugoslavia), Serbo-Croatian for "Kingdom of Yugoslavia", which extends clockwise from the coin's lower rim.

The face value "1 DINAR" is inscribed on two horizontal lines in the center of the reverse, the numeral engraved in significantly larger print than the following word. Written in an even smaller font below "DINAR" is the Gregorian date of minting, "1938".

A total of approximately 100,000,000 examples of the 1938 piece were manufactured, including several business strikes and a small number of proofs.

Error coinsEdit

Error types with irregular die axes, including a piece with medallic alignment, are known to exist.

Coins of the Federation dinar (1945–1963)Edit

First circulation coin (1945)Edit

Yugoslavia 1 dinar 1945

1945 coin

During the first half of World War II, two prominent Yugoslav resistance groups – the communist Partisans led by Josip Broz Tito (1892–1980) and the royalist Chetniks commanded by Dragoljub "Draža" Mihailović (1893–1946) – began to fight against the occupying Axis forces. Although the two movements initially cooperated, ideological differences caused the Chetniks to align with the Axis in 1942, leaving the Partisans as the only major anti-Axis resistance group active in Yugoslavia. On November 29, 1943, the Partisans established the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (DF Yugoslavia) to govern over the territory under their control until the end of World War II in Europe in the spring of 1945. From then, DF Yugoslavia remained the de facto government of liberated Yugoslavia until November 29, 1945, when the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia was founded.

During mid to late 1945, the newly renamed National Bank of Yugoslavia introduced a new series of Yugoslav coins in denominations of 50 para and 1, 2, and 5 dinara. As part of the new Federation dinar, these pieces were intended to replace the pre-war Yugoslav coins issued by the monarchy. All four were struck at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade, and their designs are of uncertain authorship. The 1 dinar piece of the series was initially released on November 4, 1945, and remained in circulation until December 31, 1956.

The 1 dinar coin, struck solely in 1945, is composed of a 97.5-percent zinc alloy and measures 3 grams in mass, 20 millimeters in diameter, and 1.6 millimeters in thickness. It has coin alignment and a reeded edge, and is round in shape. Both of the piece's rims are raised and decorated with a beaded border.

Featured in the center of the obverse is the emblem of DF Yugoslavia – which consists of five lit torches surrounded by ears of wheat. A ribbon bearing the date "29·XI·1943" bounds the wheat, and a red star symbolizing communism appears above the entire emblem. Printed clockwise along the rim above is the Serbo-Croatian name of Yugoslavia, written in Cyrillic as "ЈУГОСЛАВИЈА" (Romanized: Jugoslavija). The remainder of the rim at the bottom of the obverse is occupied by nine five-pointed stars.

The face value "1 DINAR" appears on two lines in the middle of the reverse, the numeral rendered in significantly larger print than the following word. Inscribed counterclockwise along the piece's lower boundary is the Gregorian date of minting, "1945". The remainder of the rim is occupied by fifteen five-pointed stars.

A reported 90,000,000 examples of the 1945 piece were manufactured. Only business strikes of this particular type are known to exist.

Trial strikes and errorsEdit

An aluminum trial strike of the 1945 piece is known to exist.

An error type with medallic alignment instead of coin alignment is also reported.

Second and third circulation coins (1953–1963)Edit

Yugoslavia 1 dinar 1963

1963 coin

Yugoslavia 1 dinar 1953

1953 coin

The Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, a communist republic, was proclaimed on November 29, 1945, and formally established with the promulgation of a new constitution on January 31, 1946. It was later renamed to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia) in accordance with the 1963 constitution. Josip Broz Tito, the leader of the Partisans in World War II, initially led both republics, serving from 1945 to 1963 as prime minister, or head of government, of FPR Yugoslavia, and from 1953 to his death in 1980 as president, or head of state, of FPR and SFR Yugoslavia.

Between 1953 and 1955, the National Bank of Yugoslavia authorized the production of a new coin series for the Federation dinar in denominations of 50 para and 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 dinara. Because of Yugoslavia's name change in 1963, similar coins of the same denominations (excluding 50 para) with updated legends were also minted that year. All pieces of both series were struck at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade. The 1 dinar piece of FPR Yugoslavia, although dated 1953, was not released until September 1, 1954. Similarly, the piece of SFR Yugoslavia, dated 1963, did not enter circulation until September 15, 1964. Both coins initially circulated for a value of 1.00 Federation dinar. After the Federation dinar was discontinued in 1965, they then continued to circulate for 0.01 hard dinar before being demonetized on May 31, 1968.

Both 1 dinar pieces, which differ mostly from the legend on the obverse, are composed of a 99-percent aluminum alloy and measure 0.9 grams in mass, 19.8 millimeters in diameter, and 1.3 millimeters in thickness. They have medallic alignment and a plain edge, and are round in shape. The rims of both sides of the coins are raised and decorated with a beaded border.

Displayed in the middle of the obverse of 1953-dated pieces is the emblem of FPR Yugoslavia – which consists of five lit torches (representing PR Croatia, PR Macedonia, PR Montenegro, PR Serbia, and PR Slovenia) surrounded by ears of wheat. The wheat is bounded by a ribbon bearing the date "29·XI·1943", and a red star symbolizing communism appears above the entire emblem. On 1963 coins, this symbol is replaced by the emblem of SFR Yugoslavia, which is similar to that of FPR Yugoslavia, but features six torches (representing SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, SR Croatia, SR Macedonia, SR Montenegro, SR Serbia, and SR Slovenia) instead of five. On coins minted in 1953, the emblem is surrounded by the Serbo-Croatian name of FPR Yugoslavia in Cyrillic, "ФЕДЕРАТИВНА НАРОДНА РЕПУБЛИКА ЈУГОСЛАВИЈА" (Romanized: Federativna Narodna Republika Jugoslavija), which extends clockwise from the lower left to lower right rims. Printed in the same direction on 1963-dated pieces is the local name of SFR Yugoslavia, "СОЦИЈАЛИСТИЧКА ФЕДЕРАТИВНА РЕПУБЛИКА ЈУГОСЛАВИЈА" (Romanized: Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavija), which curves in the same direction along the outer boundary. The beginning and end of these inscriptions are separated on both coins by a group of four diamonds at the bottom of the obverse.

The face value "1 DINAR" is featured in a decorative font in the middle of the reverse. The numeral in the value is written horizontally in large print in the center, while the following word is inscribed counterclockwise in a noticeably smaller font at the coin's bottom rim. Engraved in the middle of the piece is the Gregorian date of minting, the first two digits separated from the last two by the "1" in the value. Seven five-pointed stars occupy the remainder of the coin's rim at the top of the reverse.

A total of 240,452,000 examples of the 1953 piece and 49,356,000 specimens of the 1963 coin were reportedly manufactured. Both types were only struck with a standard finish, and a small number of uncirculated examples of each were sold in official mint sets by the National Bank of Yugoslavia.

Coins of the hard dinar (1965–1986)Edit

First circulation coin (1965)Edit

Yugoslavia 1 dinar 1965

1965 coin

During the 1950s and early 1960s, high levels of inflation continued to lower the purchasing power of the Federation dinar. In response to this problem, on January 1, 1966, the National Bank of Yugoslavia revalued Yugoslavia's currency at a rate of 100 to 1, creating what became known as the Yugoslav hard dinar. The first series of coins for this currency, consisting of denominations of 5, 10, 20, and 50 para and 1 dinar, was minted later in 1965 and into 1966, but was not fully released until 1967. All of the pieces of the series were struck at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade and designed by Serbian sculptor Dragomir Mileusnić (1943–). The 1 dinar coin, which was struck solely in 1965, was released on December 31, 1965, and remained in circulation until its demonetization on December 31, 1985.

The 1 dinar piece is composed of a cupronickel alloy of 75 percent copper and 25 percent nickel and measures 3.8 grams in mass, 21.8 millimeters in diameter, and 1.5 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment and a reeded edge, and is round in shape. Both of the coin's rims are raised and decorated with a beaded border.

The obverse is similar to that of the 1963 1 dinar piece. The emblem of SFR Yugoslavia appears in the center, and the Serbo-Croatian name of SFR Yugoslavia, "СОЦИЈАЛИСТИЧКА ФЕДЕРАТИВНА РЕПУБЛИКА ЈУГОСЛАВИЈА" (Romanized: Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavija), is inscribed along the rim, extending clockwise from the piece's lower left to lower right peripheries. The beginning and end of the legend are separated by a group of four diamonds at the bottom of the obverse.

The face value "1 DINAR" is displayed on two horizontal lines in the center of the reverse, the numeral engraved in noticeably larger print than the following word. Written directly below "DINAR" in even smaller print is the Gregorian date of minting, "1965". A wreath consisting of two tied oak branches spans the lower portion of the coin's outer boundary, while six five-pointed stars representing the constituent republics of SFR Yugoslavia occupy the remainder of the rim at the top of the reverse.

A total of 75,822,000 examples of the 1965 piece were produced, all with a standard finish. Of these, a small number of uncirculated specimens were distributed in official mint sets by the National Bank of Yugoslavia.

Trial strikes and errorsEdit

A brass trial strike of the 1965 coin is known to exist.

Some notable error varieties of the piece use irregular planchets. One was struck on a thinner flan, and thereby has a smaller mass. Another uses the larger brass planchet of a contemporary 50 para coin, which measures 6 grams in mass, 25.5 millimeters in diameter, and 1.5 millimeters in thickness.

Second circulation coin (1968)Edit

Yugoslavia 1 dinar 1968

1968 coin

The first coins to use all three of Yugoslavia's most spoken languages – Serbo-Croatian, Slovene, and Macedonian – were the 1965-dated 5, 10, 20, and 50 para pieces introduced in 1967. These were followed a year later in 1968 by the first linguistically neutral 1 dinar piece, which, with authorization from the National Bank of Yugoslavia, was struck at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade and designed by sculptor Dragomir Mileusnić. It was initially released on November 1, 1968, and remained in circulation until September 30, 1988.

The piece is composed of a cupronickel alloy of 75 percent copper and 25 percent nickel and measures 3.8 grams in mass, 21.8 millimeters in diameter, and 1.5 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment and a reeded edge, and is round in shape. Both of the coin's rims are raised and decorated with a beaded border.

The emblem of SFR Yugoslavia appears in the center of the obverse. Printed clockwise along the rim above is the Cyrillic legend, "СФР ЈУГОСЛАВИЈА", which is abbreviated for the Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian name of SFR Yugoslavia, "Социјалистичка Федеративна Република Југославија". Its Latin equivalent, "SFR JUGOSLAVIJA", shortened for the Serbo-Croatian Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavija and Slovene Socialistična federativna republika Jugoslavija, is engraved in the opposite direction at the coin's lower periphery. The two inscriptions are separated from one another by two groups of four diamonds, one at each side of the obverse.

A large numeral "1" indicating the coin's face value is featured in the middle of the reverse. Inscribed below in smaller print are the Cyrillic "ДИНАР", which represents Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian, and the Latin "DINAR", which represents Serbo-Croatian and Slovene. A wreath consisting of tied olive and oak branches is engraved along much of the piece's rim, the olive branch occupying the left side of the coin and the oak branch extending along the right. Six five-pointed stars symbolizing the six constituent republics of SFR Yugoslavia also appear on the reverse, occupying the remainder of the rim at the top of the piece.

A total of approximately 35,497,000 examples of the 1968 piece were manufactured. According to works by numismatic author Ranko Mandić, pieces were struck with both standard and proof finishes. The popular Standard Catalog of World Coins, however, only indicates the existence of coins with standard finishes. Despite these disparities, both catalogs report that a small number of uncirculated examples were distributed in official mint sets by the National Bank of Yugoslavia.

Third circulation coin (1973–1981)Edit

Yugoslavia 1 dinar 1981

1981 coin

From 1971 to 1976, the National Bank of Yugoslavia introduced a series of new 1, 2, 5, and 10 dinar pieces, which were intended to be used alongside the 5, 10, 20, and 50 para and 1 dinar coins already in circulation. All of these new pieces were struck at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade and designed by sculptor Dragomir Mileusnić. The 1 dinar coin of the series, which was minted annually from 1973 to 1981, was first released on March 15, 1973. It remained in circulation until its demonetization on September 30, 1988.

The piece is composed of a copper-nickel-zinc alloy of 70 percent copper, 18 percent zinc, and 12 percent nickel and measures 3.8 grams in mass, 21.8 millimeters in diameter, and 1.5 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment and a reeded edge, and is round in shape. Both of the coin's rims are raised, and that of the obverse is decorated with a beaded border.

The emblem of SFR Yugoslavia appears in the center of the obverse, the Cyrillic legend "СФР ЈУГОСЛАВИЈА" inscribed clockwise along the rim above and its Latin equivalent, "SFR JUGOSLAVIJA", written in the opposite direction at the periphery below. These two legends are separated from one another by two groups of four diamonds, one at each side of the obverse.

A large numeral "1" is displayed in the middle of the reverse, inside a circle consisting of four local translations of the word dinar and the Gregorian date of minting. The translations, which revolve clockwise around the "1", alternate between the Cyrillic "ДИНАР", which is used in Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian, and the Latin "DINAR", which is utilized in Serbo-Croatian and Slovene. They are separated from one another and the date of minting, which is inscribed in the opposite direction below the numeral, by small circular points. A wreath consisting of tied olive and oak branches is engraved along much of the coin's outer boundary, the olive branch displayed at the left side of the piece and the oak branch featured at the right. Six five-pointed stars representing the constituent republics of SFR Yugoslavia appear in the remainder of the rim at the top of the reverse.

Over nine consecutive years of production, approximately 336,404,000 examples of the coin were manufactured, including pieces with standard and proof finishes. Of these, a small number of uncirculated examples were distributed in official mint sets by the National Bank of Yugoslavia.

Mintages
Year Mintage
1973 18,947,000
1974 42,724,000
1975 30,260,000
1976 21,849,000
1977 30,468,000
1977 Proof Unknown
1978 35,032,000
1979 39,844,000
1980 60,630,000
1981 56,650,000
Total 336,404,000
Trial strikesEdit

Trial strikes of the coin in brass and cupronickel were reportedly minted in 1976.

FAO circulation coin (1976)Edit

Yugoslavia 1 dinar 1976 FAO

1976 FAO coin

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), an agency of the United Nations (UN) tasked with fighting world hunger, was established on October 16, 1945, at a conference in Quebec City, Canada. Since its inception, the FAO has provided assistance to various countries worldwide including Yugoslavia, one of its original members. In celebration and promotion of the intergovernmental organization, the National Bank of Yugoslavia authorized the production of circulating commemorative coins in denominations of 2 and 5 dinara in 1970 and 1 and 10 dinara in 1976. Each of these pieces was struck at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade and designed by sculptor Dragomir Mileusnić. Although dated 1976, the 1 dinar piece did not enter circulation until February 1, 1977. It continued to be used until its demonetization on September 30, 1988.

The coin is composed of a copper-nickel-zinc alloy of 70 percent copper, 18 percent zinc, and 12 percent nickel and measures 3.8 grams in mass, 21.8 millimeters in diameter, and 1.5 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment and a reeded edge, and is round in shape. Both of the piece's rims are raised, and that of the obverse is decorated with a beaded border.

The emblem of SFR Yugoslavia is displayed in the middle of the obverse, the Cyrillic "СФР ЈУГОСЛАВИЈА" engraved clockwise along the rim above and its Latin equivalent, "SFR JUGOSLAVIJA", inscribed in the opposite direction at the periphery below. These two legends are separated from one another by two groups of four diamonds, one at each side of the obverse.

Like the 1973–1981 circulation piece, a large numeral "1" appears in the center of the reverse, inside a circle consisting of four local translations of the word dinar and the Gregorian date of minting, "1976". The translations alternate between the Cyrillic "ДИНАР" (Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian) and Latin "DINAR" (Serbo-Croatian and Slovene), and travel clockwise around the "1". They are separated from one another and the date of minting, which is printed in the opposite direction below the numeral, by small circular points. Ears of wheat are engraved along the coin's left and right rims, flanking the representation of the coin's face value. Written counterclockwise at the piece's lower boundary is the caption "FAO", and printed in the opposite direction at the upper periphery is the motto of the FAO, "FIAT PANIS", which is Latin for "let there be bread".

During a single year of production, 500,000 examples of the coin were manufactured, all with a standard finish. Of these, an unspecified number of uncirculated pieces were distributed in official mint sets by the National Bank of Yugoslavia, and over 3,000 were sold in promotional albums and boards by the FAO.

1978 pattern coinsEdit

Evidently, the National Bank of Yugoslavia planned a redesign of Yugoslavia's currency around 1978, as a series of unissued pattern coins in denominations of 25 and 50 para, and 1, 2, 5, and 10 dinara was struck that year at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade. All of the pieces were likely designed by Dragomir Mileusnić, the artist of various Yugoslav coins of the time period.

The 1 dinar piece, which measures 22 millimeters in diameter, was struck in a variety of compositions and masses. Two cupronickel specimens, one weighing 3.7 grams and another weighing 4.7, and a single brass coin measuring 3.9 grams are known to exist. Regardless of the metal variety, the 1978 patterns have medallic alignment and raised, undecorated rims, and are round in shape.

The emblem of SFR Yugoslavia is displayed inside a circular beaded border in the middle of the obverse. Printed above, extending clockwise from the left to right rims, is the Cyrillic legend "СФР ЈУГОСЛАВИЈА". Its Latin equivalent, "SFR JUGOSLAVIJA", is printed in the same direction below, traveling from the piece's right to left peripheries. These two inscriptions are separated from one another by two small diamonds, one at each side of the obverse.

A large numeral "1" is engraved in the center of the reverse, superimposing eight lines of the word dinar in Serbo-Croatian, Slovene, and Macedonian. In order, the words are written as "ДИНАР" and "DINAR", and are separated from one another by small circular points. Erroneously, the word beginning at the end of the sixth line and concluding at the start of the seventh is written as "ДИНАРИ" (Romanized: dinari), which is the the Macedonian plural of "ДИНАР". An "M" mark, likely identifying the designer, is additionally included near the end of the last line, and is followed by the Gregorian date of minting, "1978". Like the translations of dinar, the "M" and the year are separated by a small circular point.

The total mintages of the 1978 pattern are currently unknown. They are currently documented in certain catalogs of Yugoslav and post-Yugoslav currency, including Ranko Mandić's Catalog of Coins of Yugoslavia and Yugoslavian Lands 1700-1994 and Zlatko Viščević's Coins and Banknotes of Yugoslavia, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Macedonia. As of its 2017 edition, the popular Standard Catalog of World Coins only includes a listing for one of the three known types.

Varieties
No. Composition Mass Diameter References
1 Cupronickel 3.7 g 22 mm R147 (Mandić)
S135 (Viščević)
Pn27 (SCWC)
2 4.7 g R148 (Mandić)
S136 (Viščević)
3 Brass 3.9 g R149 (Mandić)
S137 (Viščević)

Fifth circulation coin (1982–1986)Edit

Yugoslavia 1 dinar 1984

1984 coin

During the early 1980s, as a result of high levels of inflation, the purchasing power of the hard dinar noticeably decreased. Because of this, the small denomination coins in use during the period began to disappear from circulation. In 1982, the National Bank of Yugoslavia discontinued the lower valued 5, 10, and 20 para pieces, and introduced a new coin series in denominations of 25 and 50 para, and 1, 2, 5, and 10 dinara. Three years later in 1985, these were joined by new 20, 50, and 100 dinar pieces. All of the coins of this series were struck at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade and designed by sculptor Dragomir Mileusnić. The 1 dinar piece, which was struck annually from 1982 to 1986, was first released on May 20, 1982. It remained in circulation until its demonetization on September 30, 1988.

The 1 dinar coin is composed of a brass alloy of 75 percent copper, 21 percent zinc, and 4 percent nickel and measures 3.6 grams in mass, 20 millimeters in diameter, and 1.5 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment and a reeded edge, and is round in shape. The rims of both sides of the piece are raised and decorated with a beaded border.

The emblem of Yugoslavia appears in the center of the obverse, the Cyrillic "СФР ЈУГОСЛАВИЈА" inscribed clockwise along the rim above and its Latin equivalent, "SFR JUGOSLAVIJA", written in the opposite direction at the periphery below. These legends are separated from one another by two small diamonds, one at each side of the obverse.

A large numeral "1" is displayed in the middle of the obverse. Extending clockwise from the coin's lower left to lower right boundaries are four translations of the word dinar – the Serbo-Croatian "ДИНАР" and "DINAR", Macedonian "ДИНАР", and Slovene "DINAR". These translations are separated from one another and the Gregorian date of minting, which is engraved in the opposite direction at the coin's lower rim, by small circular points.

Over six years of production, 543,549,000 examples of the coin were manufactured, all with a standard finish. Of these, an unspecified number were included in official mint sets by the National Bank of Yugoslavia.

Mintages
Year Mintage
1982 70,105,000
1983 114,180,000
1984 172,185,000
1985 64,436,000
1986 122,643,000
Total 543,549,000
Trial strikes and errorsEdit

A copper trial strike with the date 1984 is known to exist.

A handful of notable error varieties are also reported, including pieces with coin alignment or faulty inscriptions. On some coins, for instance, the "A" in the word "DINAR" is filled, and on others the "Д" (de) in "ДИНАР" is missing the bottom line, making it resemble an "Л" (el) instead.

Coins of the convertible dinar (1990–1991)Edit

Circulation coin (1990–1991)Edit

Yugoslavia 1 dinar 1990

1990 coin

High inflation continued to affect Yugoslavia into the late 1980s, and eventually culminated in 1989 with a brief period of hyperinflation. In response to this problem, the National Bank of Yugoslavia revalued the nation's currency on January 1, 1990, establishing what became known as the Yugoslav convertible dinar. A few days later, on January 3, the first series of coins for the new dinar was introduced, consisting of denominations of 10, 20, and 50 para and 1, 2, 5, and 10 dinara. All seven pieces were struck at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade and designed by sculptor Dragomir Mileusnić. The 1 dinar coin, which was minted in 1990 and 1991, remained in circulation until July 3, 1992, two days after the reformed dinar was introduced. During the short period between July 1 and July 3, the piece had a value equivalent to 0.01 reformed dinar.

The 1 dinar coin is composed of a copper-nickel-zinc alloy of 70 percent copper, 18 percent zinc, and 12 percent nickel and measures 5.95 grams in mass, 24 millimeters in diameter, and 1.8 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment and a reeded edge, and is round in shape. Both of the piece's rims are raised and decorated with a beaded border.

The coin's designs are nearly identical to those of the 1982–1986 piece. Displayed in the center of the obverse is the emblem of SFR Yugoslavia, the Cyrillic "СФР ЈУГОСЛАВИЈА" inscribed clockwise along the rim above and its Latin equivalent, "SFR JUGOSLAVIJA", engraved in the opposite direction at the periphery below. These legends are separated from one another by two small diamonds, one at each side of the obverse.

A large numeral "1" appears in the middle of the reverse. Four translations of the word dinar – the Serbo-Croatian "ДИНАР" and "DINAR", Macedonian "ДИНАР", and Slovene "DINAR" – are printed clockwise in that order from the piece's lower left to lower right boundaries. They are separated from one another and the Gregorian date of minting, which is printed in the opposite direction below the "1", by small circular points.

A total of 251,654,000 examples of the coin were minted over two years of production, all with a standard finish. Of these, a small number of uncirculated examples were sold in official mint sets by the National Bank of Yugoslavia.

Mintages
Year Mintage
1990 172,105,000
1991 79,549,000
Total 251,654,000

Coins of the reformed dinar (1992)Edit

Circulation coin (1992)Edit

Yugoslavia 1 dinar 1992

1992 coin

During the 1990s, a series of political crises began to dramatically affect Yugoslavia. From 1991 to 1992, four of the six constituent republics of SFR Yugoslavia broke away from the country, becoming what are now the independent nations of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia. As a result, in 1992, the remaining republics of Serbia and Montenegro united to form the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FR Yugoslavia), which later became the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. In addition to the breakup of Yugoslavia, unresolved ethnic tensions resulted in a series of wars in the region during the time period.

The state of Yugoslavia's economy also began to deteriorate into the 1990s. Despite the revaluation attempts undertaken by the National Bank of Yugoslavia in 1990, this measure was largely unsuccessful, and another period of hyperinflation ensued in April 1992. In another effort to control inflation, the central bank revalued the dinar once more on July 1, 1992, creating what became known as the Yugoslav reformed dinar. On this date, a new series of coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, and 50 dinara was introduced for the new currency. These pieces circulated very briefly however, and were demonetized on September 10, 1993, not long before the release of the 1993 dinar. All five were struck at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade and designed by sculptor Dragomir Mileusnić.

The 1 dinar piece, which was struck solely in 1992, is composed of a brass alloy of 90 percent copper and 10 percent zinc and measures 3.5 grams in mass, 19 millimeters in diameter, and 1.6 millimeters in diameter. It has medallic alignment and a plain edge, and is round in shape. Both of the coin's rims are raised and decorated with a beaded border.

The emblem of the National Bank of Yugoslavia – which consists of a monogram inside a solid rectangular boundary – is featured in the center of the obverse. In the depiction, the letters comprising the monogram, "НБЈ", are abbreviated for "Народна банка Југославије" (Romanized: Narodna banka Jugoslavije), the name of Yugoslavia's central bank in Serbo-Croatian. Printed clockwise along the rim above is the Cyrillic "ЈУГОСЛАВИЈА", and written in the opposite direction at the periphery below is its Latin equivalent, "JUGOSLAVIJA".

A large, thick numeral "1" is illustrated in the middle of the reverse, the Cyrillic "ДИНАР" inscribed clockwise at the left rim and the Latin "DINAR" written in the same font and direction at the right periphery. Engraved below the "1" in even smaller print is the Gregorian date of minting, "1992".

A total of 40,269,000 examples of the coin, all business strikes, were minted during a single year of production.

Coins of the 1993 dinar (1993)Edit

Circulation coin (1993)Edit

Yugoslavia 1 dinar 1993

1993 coin

In spite of the National Bank of Yugoslavia's revaluation attempt in 1992, hyperinflation continued into the period of the Yugoslav reformed dinar. As a result, all of the coins and banknotes of the currency disappeared from circulation rather quickly. In another attempt to control inflation, the National Bank of Yugoslavia revalued the dinar once more on October 1, 1993, establishing what became known as the "1993" or October dinar. On the same date, the Yugoslav central bank released a series of coins for the currency in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 dinara. A 500 dinar piece was evidently planned, but never put into circulation. On November 30, 1993, only about two months after being introduced, the coins were withdrawn and demonetized due to their low purchasing power and limited use. All of the pieces were struck at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade. Their designs are similar to those of the 1992 coin series designed by Dragomir Mileusnić, but their authorship is uncertain.

The 1 dinar piece is composed of a copper-nickel-zinc alloy of 70 percent copper, 18 percent zinc, and 12 percent nickel and measures 3.13 grams in mass, 18 millimeters in diameter, and 1.6 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment and a plain edge, and is round in shape. Both of the coin's rims are raised and form the outline of an octagon, and are decorated with a beaded border.

The emblem of the National Bank of Yugoslavia is illustrated in the center of the obverse. Printed clockwise along the rim above is the Latin "SR JUGOSLAVIJA", an abbreviation of the Serbo-Croatian Savezna Republika Jugoslavija (English: "Federal Republic of Yugoslavia"). Its Cyrillic equivalent, "СР JУГОСЛАВИJА", which is shortened for "Савезна Република Југославија", is inscribed below the emblem, extending in the opposite direction at the coin's lower rim.

A large numeral "1" with a nearly straight serif appears in the middle of the reverse. Inscribed clockwise along the left rim in noticeably smaller print is the Cyrillic "ДИНАР", and written at the right periphery in the same direction and font is the Latin "DINAR". The Gregorian date of minting, "1993", is rendered horizontally in even smaller print below the "1".

A total of 20,249,000 examples of the coin, all business strikes, were minted during a single year of production.

Error coinsEdit

On a handful of 1993 coins, the loop in the "Р" (er) in "ДИНАР" is filled.

Coins of the 1994 dinar (1994)Edit

Circulation coin (1994)Edit

Yugoslavia 1 dinar 1994

1994 coin

Unchecked hyperinflation caused the abrupt failure of the 1993 dinar, which only circulated for three months before being withdrawn. In one final revaluation attempt by the National Bank of Yugoslavia, the 1993 dinar was replaced on January 1, 1994, by what became known as the "1994" or January dinar. On that date, a single coin, a 1 dinar piece, was introduced for the new currency. It circulated briefly for a value of 1.00 "1994" dinar before the currency became obsolete on January 24 of the same year. From then, it continued to be used for 1.00 novi dinar until its demonetization on July 22, 1994. The piece was struck at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins, and its designs are of uncertain authorship.

The coin is composed of a brass alloy of 75 percent copper, 23 percent zinc, and 2 percent nickel and measures 4.96 grams in mass, 23 millimeters in diameter, and 1.6 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment and a plain edge, and is round in shape. Both of the coin's rims are raised and decorated with a beaded border.

The emblem of the National Bank of Yugoslavia appears in the center of the obverse. Printed clockwise along the rim above is the Latin legend "SR JUGOSLAVIJA", and written in the opposite direction at the periphery below is its Cyrillic equivalent, "СР JУГОСЛАВИJА".

A large numeral "1" with a nearly straight serif appears in the middle of the reverse, the Cyrillic word "ДИНАР" printed clockwise in noticeably smaller print at the left rim and the Latin "DINAR" written in the same direction and print at the right periphery. Engraved horizontally below the "1" in an even smaller font is the Gregorian date of minting, "1994".

A total of 10,747,000 examples of the 1994 coin, all business strikes, were minted during less than a month of production. Reportedly, only about 400,000 (less than 4 percent) of these pieces were released into circulation; the rest were melted down.

Coins of the novi dinar (1994–2002)Edit

First circulation coin (1994–1995)Edit

Yugoslavia 1 novi dinar 1994

1994 coin

After the failure of the 1994 dinar, which circulated for less than a month before being withdrawn, the National Bank of Yugoslavia introduced the novi dinar. Unlike previous incarnations of Yugoslavia's currency, the novi dinar was not revalued, but pegged at par to the Deutsche Mark, one of the world's most stable currencies at the time. Initially volatile, the new dinar began stabilizing around 1999. It was replaced in Montenegro by the Deutsche Mark later that year, and in Serbia by the Serbian dinar in 2003.

The first series of coins of the novi dinar, consisting of denominations of 1, 5, 10, and 50 para and 1 dinar, was introduced by the National Bank of Yugoslavia in 1994. All of these pieces were struck at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade. The 1 dinar coin of the series, which was produced from 1994 to 1995, was first released on January 29, 1994, and circulated for a value of 1.00 novi dinar until 2003. From then, it continued to be used for 1.00 Serbian dinar until its demonetization on January 1, 2007.

The 1 dinar coin is composed of a copper-nickel-zinc alloy of 70 percent copper, 18 percent zinc, and 12 percent nickel and measures 4.59 grams in mass, 22 millimeters in diameter, and 1.6 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment and a plain edge, and is round in shape. Both of the piece's rims are raised and decorated with a beaded border.

The emblem of the National Bank of Yugoslavia is displayed in the center of the obverse, the Latin legend "SR JUGOSLAVIJA" inscribed clockwise along the rim above and its Cyrillic equivalent, "СР JУГОСЛАВИJА", engraved in the opposite direction at the periphery below.

A large, raised numeral "1" with a nearly straight serif appears inside a raised circular area in the middle of the reverse. The Cyrillic text "НОВИ ДИНАР" is inscribed next to the raised area, extending clockwise along the left rim. Its Latin equivalent, "NOVI DINAR", is written in the same direction at the coin's right boundary, and is separated from the Cyrillic by a circular point at the top of the reverse. Printed horizontally below the "1" at the bottom of the piece is the Gregorian date of minting, either "1994" or "1995".

During two years of production, a total of 58,114,000 examples of the coin were manufactured. Only business strikes of this particular type are known to exist.

Mintages
Year Mintage
1994 47,755,000
1995 10,359,000
Total 58,114,000

Second circulation coin (1996–1999)Edit

Yugoslavia 1 novi dinar 1996

1996 coin

In 1996, the National Bank of Yugoslavia released a redesigned series of Yugoslavia's three highest valued coins – those denominated at 10 and 50 para and 1 dinar. A 5 para coin was also struck during the same year, but only differed in terms of measurements, not design. All of the coins of 1996 were struck at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade. The 1 dinar piece of the series, which was minted in 1996 and 1999, was initially released on June 10, 1996. It continued to circulate for a value of 1.00 novi dinar until 2003, and then for a value of 1.00 Serbian dinar until January 1, 2007.

The 1 dinar piece is composed of a copper-nickel-zinc alloy of 70 percent copper, 18 percent zinc, and 12 percent nickel and measures 4.17 grams in mass, 20 millimeters in diameter, and 1.7 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment and a plain edge, and is round in shape. Both of the coin's rims are raised and decorated with a beaded border.

Displayed in the middle of the obverse is the coat of arms of FR Yugoslavia – which consists of an escutcheon containing a double-headed eagle in its center. Superimposing the eagle's breast is a shield containing symbols representative of the Serbs and Montenegrins. The Latin "SR JUGOSLAVIJA" is printed clockwise along the rim above, while its Cyrillic equivalent, "СР JУГОСЛАВИJА", is inscribed in the opposite direction at the periphery below.

The reverse is nearly identical to that of the 1994–1995 circulation piece. A raised numeral "1" with a nearly straight serif is displayed inside a raised circular area in the center. Printed to the left of the area, curved clockwise along the rim, is the Cyrillic inscription "НОВИ ДИНАР". Its Latin equivalent, "NOVI DINAR", is written to the right of the circle, arched in the same direction at the piece's right periphery. These two texts are separated from one another by a circular point at the top of the reverse. Printed horizontally below the "1" at the bottom of the piece is the Gregorian date of minting, either "1996" or "1999".

A total of 101,808,000 examples of the coin, all business strikes, were produced over its two nonconsecutive years of production.

Mintages
Year Mintage
1996 80,122,000
1999 21,686,000
Total 101,808,000
Error coinsEdit

A number of coins dated 1996 erroneously contain filled letters in the text on the reverse. Some of the letters that are commonly filled include the "В" (ve) and "P" (er) in "НОВИ ДИНАР" and the "R" in "NOVI DINAR". Strike errors are sometimes noticeable on other letters as well.

Final circulation coin (2000–2002)Edit

See also: Serbian 1 dinar coin
Yugoslavia 1 dinar 2000

2000 coin

In 2000, the last coin series attributed to the nation of Yugoslavia was introduced by the Yugoslav central bank. Consisting of denominations of 50 para and 1, 2, and 5 dinara, the series was minted at the Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade. The 1 dinar piece, which was struck in both 2000 and 2002 and designed by Serbian sculptor Mitar Petković, entered circulation on December 15, 2000. It continued to be used for a value of 1.00 novi dinar until 2003, and then for a value of 1.00 Serbian dinar until January 1, 2010.

The 1 dinar coin is composed of a copper-nickel-zinc alloy of 70 percent copper, 18 percent zinc, and 12 percent nickel and measures 4.32 grams in mass, 20 millimeters in diameter, and 1.85 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment and a reeded edge, and is round in shape. Both of the piece's rims are raised and undecorated.

The coat of arms of FR Yugoslavia is displayed inside a solid circular boundary in the center of the obverse. Printed clockwise along the rim above is the Cyrillic legend "СР JУГОСЛАВИJА", and written in the opposite direction at the periphery below is its Latin equivalent, "SR JUGOSLAVIJA". These inscriptions are separated from one another by two circular points, one at each side of the obverse.

The headquarters of the National Bank of Yugoslavia (now the National Bank of Serbia) in Belgrade is illustrated at the lower right portion of the reverse. A large numeral "1" is inscribed at the left side of the piece, and the words "ДИНАР" and "DINAR" are printed clockwise at the upper rim, separated from each other by a single circular point. Written horizontally in a noticeably smaller font below the "1" is the Gregorian date of minting, either "2000" or "2002".

A total of 80,856,000 examples of the coin, all with a standard finish, were struck over two nonconsecutive years of production. Of these, a small number of uncirculated pieces were distributed in official mint sets by the National Bank of Yugoslavia.

Mintages
Year Mintage
2000 20,076,000
2002 60,780,000
Total 80,856,000

ReferencesEdit

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