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Württemberg 2 mark coin

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2 mark
Wuerttemberg 2 mark 1904
Coin of William II from 1904
General information
Country

Flag of the German Empire German Empire
Flagge Königreich Württemberg Kingdom of Württemberg

Value

2.00

Years

18761914

Measurements and composition
Mass

11.11 g

Diameter

28 mm

Thickness

2 mm

Composition
Appearance
Shape

round

Alignment

medallic

Obverse
Reverse

Reichsadler, value, year

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The 2 mark coin is a coin that was issued by the Kingdom of Württemberg, a historic German state located in what is now Baden-Württemberg. The first series of coins was produced from 1876 to 1888, during the late reign of King Charles I (reigned 1864–1891). A second coin was issued by his agnatic nephew and successor, William II (reigned 1891–1918), from 1892 to 1914. Both pieces had a value equal to 2 German gold mark.

HistoryEdit

Coin of Charles I (1876–1888)Edit

5 Mark Württemberg Karl

Obverse of a coin of Charles I

The first 2 mark coin of Württemberg was issued in 1876, during the reign of King Charles I. It was then produced periodically until 1888, when production of most 2 mark coins of the German Empire temporarily ceased. The coin is composed of .900 fine silver (90% silver and 10% copper, weighs approximately 11.1111 grams, and has a diameter of 28 millimeters and a thickness of 2. It has medallic alignment and a reeded edge, and like most coins is round in shape. A right-facing bearded depiction of King Charles I is featured in the center of the obverse. The German caption "KARL KOENIG VON WUERTTEMBERG", which translates to English as "Charles, King of Württemberg", is inscribed around the coin's upper rim, starting near the bottom left of the coin and arching upward before ending at the opposite side of the obverse. An "F" mint mark representing Stuttgart is present below the likeness of the king. The Reichsadler (Imperial Eagle) of the German Empire of the time — which consists of a small single-headed eagle with a large coat of arms of Prussia on its breast and the Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire above its head — is displayed in the middle of the reverse. Inscribed around the rim to its sides and above it is the German state title "DEUTSCHES REICH" (English: "German Empire"), and featured at the bottom of the coin is the value "ZWEI MARK" (English: "Two mark"). The value is separated from both the state title and the date by an asterisk (*). A beaded border around the rim encircles the contents of the coin's obverse and reverse.

The coin was produced during the years 1876, 1877, 1880, 1883, and 1888. Over five years of production, approximately 2,982,592 examples were produced, in addition to an unknown number of proof pieces struck in 1888. All were minted in Stuttgart.

Mintages
  • 1876: 1,550,014
  • 1877: 1,106,763
  • 1880: 128,943
  • 1883: 73,872
  • 1888: 123,000

Coin of William II (1892–1914)Edit

5 Mark Württemberg Wilhelm II

Obverse of a coin of William II

Following the childless death of Charles I in 1891, his agnatic nephew, William II, became King of Württemberg. He held this position until the abolishment of the German monarchies in 1918. During 1892, the second year of William's reign, production of the 2 mark coin of Württemberg recommenced at Stuttgart. This coin was then minted periodically until 1914, the date the gold mark became replaced by the Papiermark. It has the same composition and measurements as the coin of Charles, and its alignment, edge, and shape do not differ either. Featured in the center of the obverse is a right-facing bearded depiction of King William II, partially surrounded by the German legend "WILHELM II KOENIG VON WUERTTEMBERG", which translates to English as "William II, King of Württemberg". Because the number of characters in the legend is greater, it starts and ends closer to the bottom of the coin than on the 2 mark coin of Charles I. The "F" mint mark of Stuttgart is featured at the very bottom of the obverse, below the likeness of King William. The Reichsadler of the German Empire introduced in 1889 — consisting of a large single-headed eagle with a small coat of arms of Prussia on its breast and the Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire above its head — is depicted in the middle of the reverse. Inscribed around the rim above and to the sides of the heraldic eagle is the state title "DEUTSCHES REICH" followed by the date, and below it near the coin's periphery is the value "ZWEI MARK" flanked by an asterisk (*) at either side. Like the coin of Charles, the contents of both sides of the coin are surrounded by a beaded border around the rim.

This coin was produced from 1892 to 1893, in 1896, from 1899 to 1908, and then again from 1912 to 1914. Over eleven years of minting, a total of approximately 10,439,833 examples were struck. Examples in proof quality are known to exist.

In 1913 an aluminum pattern coin marked with a value of 2 marks was produced, but never entered circulation.

Mintages
  • 1892: 177,000
  • 1893: 174,055
  • 1896: 351,031
  • 1898: 144,001
  • 1899: 537,571
  • 1900: 515,885
  • 1901: 591,927
  • 1902: 815,620
  • 1903: 811,383
  • 1904: 1,988,177
  • 1905: 609,835
  • 1906: 1,504,620
  • 1907: 1,504,497
  • 1908: 451,370
  • 1912: 251,224
  • 1913: 5,675
  • 1914: 5,962

ReferencesEdit

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German gold mark
Banknotes 5 ℳ10 ℳ20 ℳ50 ℳ100 ℳ1000 ℳ
Coins 1 ₰2 ₰5 ₰10 ₰20 ₰25 ₰50 ₰½ ℳ1 ℳ2 ℳ3 ℳ5 ℳ10 ℳ20 ℳ
Miscellaneous Bavarian MintBerlin State MintCoinage Act of 1873Darmstadt MintDresden MintFrankfurt MintHamburg MintHannover MintKarlsruhe State MintMuldenhütten MintReichsbankReichskassenscheinStuttgart State Mint
 
State coin issues
2 mark Anhalt (Anhalt-Dessau) • BadenBavariaBremenHamburgHesseLippeLübeckMecklenburg-SchwerinMecklenburg-StrelitzOldenburgPrussiaReuss Elder Line (Reuss-Obergreiz) • Reuss Younger Line (Reuss-Schleiz) • Saxe-AltenburgSaxe-Coburg-GothaSaxe-MeiningenSaxe-Weimar-EisenachSaxony (Saxony-Albertine) • Schaumburg-LippeSchwarzburg-RudolstadtSchwarzburg-SondershausenWürttemberg
3 mark AnhaltBadenBavariaBrunswickHamburgHesseLippeLübeckMecklenburg-SchwerinMecklenburg-StrelitzPrussiaReuss Elder LineSaxe-MeiningenSaxe-Weimar-EisenachSaxonySchaumburg-LippeSchwarzburg-SondershausenWürttemberg
5 mark AnhaltBadenBavariaBremenBrunswickHamburgHesseLübeckMecklenburg-SchwerinOldenburgPrussiaSaxe-AltenburgSaxe-Coburg-GothaSaxe-MeiningenSaxe-Weimar-EisenachSaxonySchaumburg-LippeWaldeck-PyrmontWürttemberg
10 mark AnhaltBadenBavariaBremenHamburgHesseLübeckMecklenburg-SchwerinMecklenburg-StrelitzOldenburgPrussiaReuss Younger LineSaxe-Coburg-GothaSaxe-MeiningenSaxonySchwarzburg-RudolstadtWürttemberg
20 mark AnhaltBadenBavariaBremenBrunswickHamburgHesseMecklenburg-SchwerinMecklenburg-StrelitzPrussiaReuss Elder LineReuss Younger LineSaxe-AltenburgSaxe-Coburg-GothaSaxe-MeiningenSaxe-Weimar-EisenachSaxonySchaumburg-LippeSchwarzburg-SondershausenWaldeck-PyrmontWürttemberg

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