|United States Minor Outlying Islands|
Washington, D.C. (administrative center)
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The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a designation defined by the International Organization for Standardization's ISO 3166-1 code, consists of eight United States territories in the Pacific Ocean: Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, the Midway Islands, Palmyra Atoll, and Wake Island; and one in the Caribbean Sea: Navassa Island. Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank are also sometimes included by the U.S. government, but its claims are disputed by other countries.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) introduced the term "United States Minor Outlying Islands" in 1986. From 1974 until that date, five of the islands (Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Palmyra Atoll, and Kingman Reef) were grouped together under the designation United States Miscellaneous Pacific Islands.
The current population of the islands consists solely of temporarily stationed scientific and military personnel. There were attempts to settle Americans on Baker, Howland, and Jarvis Island in 1936, but all three of the islands were evacuated in 1942 because of World War II and have not been resettled.
The official currency of the United States Minor Outlying Islands is the United States dollar. In 2005, unofficial coins commemorating the 60th anniversary of the Yalta Conference were made for Baker Island, the Midway Islands, and Wake Island. A few years later, in 2012, the Principality of Navassa, an unrecognized government that claims sovereignty over Navassa Island, introduced a coin for Navassa.
|Atoll/Island||Date of acquisition||Notes|
|Bajo Nuevo Bank||November 22, 1869||Disputed with Colombia, Jamaica, and Nicaragua|
|Baker Island||October 28, 1856|
|Howland Island||October 28, 1856|
|Jarvis Island||October 28, 1856|
|Johnston Atoll||September 6, 1859||Previously claimed by Hawaii when independent|
|Kingman Reef||February 8, 1860|
|Midway Islands||August 28, 1867|
|Navassa Island||October 31, 1858||Claimed by Haiti|
|Palmyra Atoll||February 21, 1912||Previously claimed by Hawaii when independent|
|Serranilla Bank|| September 8, 1879|
September 13, 1880
|Disputed with Colombia, Jamaica, and Nicaragua|
|Wake Island||January 17, 1899||Claimed by the Marshall Islands|
|Current||American Samoa • Bajo Nuevo Bank • Baker Island • Guam • Howland Island • Jarvis Island • Johnston Atoll • Kingman Reef • Midway Island • Navassa Island • Northern Mariana Islands • Palmyra Atoll • Puerto Rico • Serranilla Bank • United States Virgin Islands • Wake Island|
|Former||Panama Canal Zone • Philippines • Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands|
|Countries||Australia • Fiji • Kiribati • Marshall Islands • Micronesia • Nauru • New Zealand • Palau • Papua New Guinea • Samoa • Solomon Islands • Tonga • Tuvalu • Vanuatu|
|Non-sovereign territories||American Samoa • Ashmore and Cartier Islands • Baker Island • Clipperton Island • Cook Islands • Coral Sea Islands • Easter Island • French Polynesia • Guam • Hawaii • Howland Island • Jarvis Island • Johnston Atoll • Juan Fernández Islands • Kingman Reef • Midway Island • Minamitorishima • New Caledonia • Niue • Norfolk Island • Northern Mariana Islands • Okinotorishima • Palmyra Atoll • Papua, Indonesia • Pitcairn Islands • Tokelau • Wake Island • Wallis and Futuna • West Papua (province)|