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State title, value, year
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The 2.5 fils coin is a circulation coin that was issued in 1973 by the Democratic People's Republic of Yemen, more commonly referred to as South Yemen, a former state comprising the southern and eastern provinces of the current Republic of Yemen. It had a face value equivalent to 0.0025 dinars prior to its demonetization on June 11, 1996. The piece was distributed by the Bank of Yemen.
The coin is composed of aluminum and has a mass of 0.65 grams and a diameter of 17 millimeters. It has medallic alignment and a plain edge, and like most coins, is round in shape. Featured solely on the obverse, designed by British sculptor Michael Rizzello (1926–2004), is a cotton plant (Gossypium).[note 1] The value is displayed in the middle of the reverse, written in Arabic as "فلس ٢,٥" (Romanized: 2.5 fils), the numeral "٢,٥" (2.5) inscribed in large print in the very center of the coin and the word "فلس" (fils) written in a smaller font at the piece's bottom rim. Printed along the upper periphery of the reverse is the state title of South Yemen in stylized Arabic, reading "جمهورية اليَمَنْ الديمُقراطية الشَعْبِيّة" (Romanized: Jumhūrīyat Al-Yaman Al-Dīmuqrāṭīyah Al-Sha'bīyah; English: "Democratic People's Republic of Yemen"). Such a legend commences in an upward direction at the right rim, arches downward at the top of the coin, and concludes at the left periphery. The Gregorian date is printed diagonally in Eastern Arabic numerals as "١٩٧٣" (1973) at the lower left rim of the coin, between the end of the state title and the end of "فلس" (fils), while the Islamic date is inscribed diagonally as "١٣٩٣" (1393) at the bottom right periphery, between the beginning of the state title and the beginning of the word "فلس" (fils). The former date is angled downward, while the latter is slanted upward.
- Numista – 2.5 Fils (English) (French)
- Numismatic Guaranty Corporation – 1393-1973 Yemen, Democratic Republic of 2-1/2 Fils KM# 3