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Saxon 5 mark coin (Notgeld)

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This article is about the emergency money issued by the Free State of Saxony from 1920 to 1921. For the coin of the Kingdom of Saxony struck from 1875 to 1909, see Saxon 5 mark coin (Gold mark).
5 mark
General information
Country

Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio) Weimar Republic

Used by

Flag of Saxony Saxony

Value

5.00

Years

19201921

Measurements and composition
Diameter

25 mm

Composition

porcelain with gold gilded rim

Appearance
Shape

round

Obverse

Cherub, wheat, year

Reverse

Value, title

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The 5 mark coin was issued by the Free State of Saxony from 1920 to 1921, during the hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic.

HistoryEdit

The Staatliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen GmbH, a well-known porcelain manufacturer headquartered in Meissen, produced a small number of 5 mark pattern coins for the Free State of Saxony in 1920. Such coins are composed of brown porcelain. Enclosed within a square frame on the obverse is a man kneeling and possibly praying, with a grape vine featured to the left and a shovel to the right. The year of minting is inscribed above, with the first two digits (19) being separated from the last two (20) by the man's head. Below the kneeling figure is the logo of the coin's producer: two crossed swords. Outside the frame at each of its four sides is a small five-pointed star. The contents of the reverse are also surrounded by a square frame with stars at each side. The coin's value is superimposed over several light rays that form a four-pointed star. Above is the inscription "SACHSEN" (the German name for Saxony), and below are two "MP"s, for "Meissen Porcelain". The coin itself was never put into circulation, nor were its designs ever used on later currency.

The Free State of Saxony issued its first circulated 5 mark notgeld coin in 1920, and it continued to be struck until 1921. The porcelain portion of the coin is octagonal in shape and is surrounded by a gold gilded rim. A cherub is featured on the obverse, holding an ear of wheat in each hand. The date is inscribed above and the crossing swords logo of the Staatliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen GmbH is featured below. A "5", which represents the coin's value, is located in the center of the reverse, flanked by two branches. "SACHSEN" is printed above, and "MP" is featured below. In total, only about 76,000 examples were issued: 4000 in 1920 and 72,000 in 1921.

ReferencesEdit

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Notgeld of Saxony
State coins 20 ₰50 ₰1 ℳ2 ℳ5 ℳ10 ℳ20 ℳ
City and district notgeld BautzenChemnitzDresdenErzgebirgskreisGörlitzLeipzig (rd)Leipzig (ud)MeissenMittelsachsenNordsachsenSächsische Schweiz-OsterzgebirgeVogtlandkreisZwickau

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