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Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach 2 mark coin

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2 mark
Sachsen Weimar Eisenach 2 Mark 1903
Last commemorative coin
General information
Country

Flag of the German Empire German Empire
Flagge Großherzogtum Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1813-1897) Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Value

2.00

Years
Measurements and composition
Mass

11.111 g[1]

Diameter

28 mm[1]

Thickness

2 mm[1]

Composition

silver[1]

Appearance
Shape

round

Alignment

medallic

Obverse
Click to
Reverse

Reichsadler, state title, value, year[1]

v · d · e

The 2 mark coin was a commemorative coin first issued by the Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach in 1892 to mark the 50th wedding anniversary of Grand Duke Charles Alexander and Princess Sophie.[2] The same coin was issued six years later in 1898, minted to commemorate the 80th birthday of the Grand Duke.[3] In 1901, upon Charles Alexander's death, his grandson, William Ernest, succeeded him as Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, and a 2 mark coin was produced to commemorate his accession to the throne.[4] Two years later, in 1903, William Ernest married Caroline of Greiz, and another 2 mark coin was minted for the occasion.[5] The final 2 mark coin of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach was struck in 1908, and was made to commemorate the 350th anniversary of the University of Jena's founding.[6]

HistoryEdit

Coins of Charles AlexanderEdit

Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach 2 mark 1892

1892 coin of Charles Alexander.

Grand Duke Charles Alexander of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach married Princess Sophie of the Netherlands at Kneuterdijk Palace in The Hague on October 8, 1842.[7] Fifty years later, in 1892, the couple celebrated their golden wedding anniversary, and the Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach issued a 2 mark coin in commemoration of the event.[2] It had the same composition, mass, and measurements as every other standard 2 mark coin issued by the states of the German Empire at the time, being composed of .900 fine silver, weighing 11.111 grams, and measuring 28 millimeters in diameter and 2 millimeters in thickness.[1] A left-facing effigy of Charles Alexander was featured on the coin's obverse, partially encircled by a legend reading "CARL ALEXANDER GROSSHERZOG V. SACHSEN". Directly underneath the effigy was an "A" mint mark[2], indicating the coin was struck at the Berlin Mint.[8] The Reichsadler of the German Empire was displayed on the reverse, and was accompanied by the state title of the Second Reich (DEUTSCHES REICH), the coin's value, and the year. Only 50,000 examples of this 1892 coin were produced.[2]

Charles Alexander was born on June 24, 1818 in Weimar to Charles Frederick and Maria Pavlovna.[9] In commemoration of his 80th birthday, another 2 mark coin was issued in 1898, and was identical in appearance, composition, mass, and size to the 1892 coin. At least 100,000 were minted, with an unknown number being struck in proof quality.[3]

Coin of William ErnestEdit

Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach 2 mark 1901

1901 coin of William Ernest.

William Ernest's reign as Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach began on January 5, 1901, following the death of his grandfather.[10] A 2 mark coin was issued that year to commemorate his accession to the throne. A left-facing portrait of the new grand duke was featured on the obverse, partially encircled by a legend reading "WILHELM ERNST GROSSHERZOG V. SACHSEN". Underneath the likeness of the monarch was an "A" mint mark. The coin's composition, mass, and measurements were identical to those of the first two issues, and its reverse remained unaltered from the 1892 coin, excluding the date, which now read "1901". At least 100,000 examples were minted, with an unrecorded number being minted in proof quality.[4]

Wedding of William Ernest and Caroline coinEdit

5 Mark Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach Hochzeit mit Caroline

1903 commemorative coin.

William Ernest married Princess Caroline Reuss of Greiz on April 30, 1903 at Bückeburg Castle[11], and a 2 mark coin was minted that year to commemorate the event.[5] A left-facing portrait of William Ernest was engraved in the obverse's foreground, and one of Caroline was displayed in the midground behind him. Partially encircling both portraits was a legend reading "WILHELM ERNST - CAROLINE GROSZHERZOG U. GROSZHERZOGIN V. SACHSEN". Another inscription that read "• 30 IV •", which signified the date of the marriage, was also present on the obverse, as was a small "A" mint mark underneath the effigies of the grand duke and duchess. Other than the mentioned alterations, no changes were made to the design, composition, mass, and measurements of the original 1892 2 mark coin. About 41,000 examples of the 1903 2 mark commemorative coin were issued, with about 1000 being struck in proof quality.[5]

University of Jena coinEdit

5 Mark Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach 350 Jahre Uni Jena

The 1908 2 mark coin.

John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony first thought of the plan to build a university at Jena in 1547, following his capture at the Battle of Mühlberg[12] by the Holy Roman Empire. His plan was set in motion by his sons, who, after obtaining a charter from Ferdinand I, managed to establish the university on February 2, 1558.[13] In 1908, 350 years after the institution was established, Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach issued a 2 mark coin to commemorate the founding of the University of Jena. A portrait of an elderly John Frederick I holding a sword was engraved on the coin's obverse, encircled by a legend reading "• JOH • FRIED • D • GROSZMUT • KURF • V • SACHSEN • STIFTER • D • UNIV • JENA". Another inscription, which was carved into the coin, read "SPES MEA IN DEO". Also, to the right of the image of John Frederick were the dates "1558" and "1908". Unlike the coins that came before it, no mint mark was present, but like the other issues, it was struck at the Berlin Mint. A total of 50,000 examples of this coin were produced.[6]

ReferencesEdit

 v · d · e
German gold mark
Banknotes 5 ℳ10 ℳ20 ℳ50 ℳ100 ℳ1000 ℳ
Coins 1 ₰2 ₰5 ₰10 ₰20 ₰25 ₰50 ₰½ ℳ1 ℳ2 ℳ3 ℳ5 ℳ10 ℳ20 ℳ
Miscellaneous Bavarian MintBerlin State MintCoinage Act of 1873Darmstadt MintDresden MintFrankfurt MintHamburg MintHannover MintKarlsruhe State MintMuldenhütten MintReichsbankReichskassenscheinStuttgart State Mint
 
State coin issues
2 mark Anhalt (Anhalt-Dessau) • BadenBavariaBremenHamburgHesseLippeLübeckMecklenburg-SchwerinMecklenburg-StrelitzOldenburgPrussiaReuss Elder Line (Reuss-Obergreiz) • Reuss Younger Line (Reuss-Schleiz) • Saxe-AltenburgSaxe-Coburg-GothaSaxe-MeiningenSaxe-Weimar-EisenachSaxony (Saxony-Albertine) • Schaumburg-LippeSchwarzburg-RudolstadtSchwarzburg-SondershausenWürttemberg
3 mark AnhaltBadenBavariaBrunswickHamburgHesseLippeLübeckMecklenburg-SchwerinMecklenburg-StrelitzPrussiaReuss Elder LineSaxe-MeiningenSaxe-Weimar-EisenachSaxonySchaumburg-LippeSchwarzburg-SondershausenWürttemberg
5 mark AnhaltBadenBavariaBremenBrunswickHamburgHesseLübeckMecklenburg-SchwerinOldenburgPrussiaSaxe-AltenburgSaxe-Coburg-GothaSaxe-MeiningenSaxe-Weimar-EisenachSaxonySchaumburg-LippeWaldeck-PyrmontWürttemberg
10 mark AnhaltBadenBavariaBremenHamburgHesseLübeckMecklenburg-SchwerinMecklenburg-StrelitzOldenburgPrussiaReuss Younger LineSaxe-Coburg-GothaSaxe-MeiningenSaxonySchwarzburg-RudolstadtWürttemberg
20 mark AnhaltBadenBavariaBremenBrunswickHamburgHesseMecklenburg-SchwerinMecklenburg-StrelitzPrussiaReuss Elder LineReuss Younger LineSaxe-AltenburgSaxe-Coburg-GothaSaxe-MeiningenSaxe-Weimar-EisenachSaxonySchaumburg-LippeSchwarzburg-SondershausenWaldeck-PyrmontWürttemberg

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