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1 frank
Liechtenstein 1 frank 1924
General information
Country

Flag of Liechtenstein Liechtenstein

Value

1.00 frank

Years

1924

Measurements and composition
Mass

5 g

Diameter

23.2 mm

Thickness

1.52 mm

Composition

silver

Appearance
Shape

round

Alignment

medallic

Edge

"KLAR UND FEST"

Obverse

Johann II, monarch title

Reverse

Coat of arms of Liechtenstein, branches, value, year

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The 1 frank coin is a former circulation piece of the Principality of Liechtenstein. It was issued in a single type in 1924, during the later reign of Prince Johann II (1840–1929; r. 1858–1929). The piece was distributed by the National Bank of Liechtenstein and struck under contract at the Swissmint in Bern, Switzerland.

The coin initially carried a nominal value of 1.00 Liechtenstein frank, or 1.00 Swiss franc, in its country of origin. However, it was eventually demonetized and withdrawn from circulation, and is thus no longer legal tender.

Like the contemporary Swiss 1 franc coin, the piece is composed of .835 fine silver and measures 5 grams in mass, 23.2 millimeters in diameter, and 1.52 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment and, like most coins, is round in shape. Both of its rims are raised and decorated with a dentilated border, and its edge bears the inscription "* KLAR * UND * FEST * – * * –", German for "clear and firm".

The obverse was originally designed by French sculptor Gustave Deloye (1838–1899) for coins of the Liechtenstein krone. A left-facing bust of Prince Johann II with a full beard is illustrated in the center. It is accompanied by the German caption "JOHANN II FÜRST VON LIECHTENSTEIN", which translates to English as "Johann II, Prince of Liechtenstein". The name "JOHANN II" and word "FÜRST" in the legend are engraved clockwise along the rim to the left of the prince's likeness, while the remaining two words are inscribed in the same direction at the periphery to the right.

A simplified rendition of the coat of arms of Liechtenstein appears in the middle of the reverse. Such an illustration consists of a central escutcheon containing a two-colored inescutcheon and fields featuring symbols of Silesia, the Kuenring family, the Duchy of Troppau, the County of Rietberg, and the Duchy of Krnov. The escutcheon in the arms is surmounted by the Princely Hat of Liechtenstein, a symbol of the monarchy, and is surrounded by the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece. On the coin, two branches flank the arms, and engraved counterclockwise along the rim below is the Gregorian date of minting, "1924", the first two digits separated from the last two by the Golden Fleece. The face value "1 FR", abbreviated for 1 Frank, superimposes the branches, the fraction engraved to the left of the arms and the letters "FR" inscribed to the right.

A total of 60,000 examples of the coin, all business strikes, were minted during a single year of production. However, of these, 45,355 pieces were melted down by the government of Liechtenstein.

ReferencesEdit

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Liechtenstein frank
Coins ½ fr1 fr2 fr5 fr10 fr20 fr25 fr50 fr100 fr
Miscellaneous 10 talerNational Bank of Liechtenstein