Banknote from 1979
|v · d · e|
The 100 kip banknote is a circulation note of Laos that was issued from 1957 to 1979. The first note was printed by the Banque de France in 1957, the tenth year since Laos declared itself a constitutional monarchy and Sisavang Vong (1885–1959) was declared its king. In 1974, the penultimate year of the reign of King Sisavang Vatthana (1907–1978, 1980, or 1984), a second 100 kip note was printed by De La Rue and issued by the Banque Nacionale du Laos. Around 1975, when the communist Pathet Lao took over as the ruling authority of the newly founded Lao People's Democratic Republic, a third Lao 100 kip note was issued to replace the royal 100 kip banknotes that were in circulation. When the Lao PDR kip was introduced in 1979, a final issue of the 100 kip note was printed by the newly established Bank of the Lao People's Democratic Republic.
The notes issued during the time of the Kingdom of Laos were deemed obsolete in 1975 with the introduction of the Pathet Lao banknotes, which were in turn demonetized in 1979 upon the issuance of the PDR kip. While the 1979 note still holds the status of legal tender, it is not commonly used anymore due to its relatively low value.
Banknote of Sisavang Vong (1957)Edit
Sisavang Vong served as the first King of Laos from 1946 until his death in 1959, and prior to that he was the king of Luang Phrabang in French Indochina from 1904 to 1946. In 1953 the Institut d'Emission des Etats du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam issued the first Lao banknotes denominated in piastre and kip, but the first notes solely denominated in kip were not produced until 1957. Laos commissioned the Banque de France, the central bank of France, to produce the 1957 100 kip note. The banknote is horizontally-oriented, having a width of 171 millimeters and a height of 108. It is described as being predominantly orange or brown in color, but the background of both sides of the note is a light blue.
A right-facing image of King Sisavang Vong is displayed near the left side of the note's obverse. To the direct right of this depiction is an illustration of a royal chalice on top of a surface. Decorative columns are present at both the left and right sides. Printed over the left column is an image of Airavata, a legendary three-headed white elephant in Hinduism, with a nine-folded umbrella above it and a five-level pedestal below it. This symbol was also depicted on the flag of the Kingdom of Laos, and referred to the Lao royalty. Four different-sized nāga serpents, mythical creatures believed in Laos to be protectors of the state, are superimposed over the column at the right of the note. A decorative border of geometric designs above an orange background is present at the top of the obverse, while an ornate border consisting of a primarily orange floral pattern on a light blue background is included at the bottom of the note. Printed in red ink inside a yellow rectangle at the top center of the obverse is the Lao text "ທະນາຄານແຫ່ງຊາດລາວ" (Romanized: thanakan aehngsadlao), which translates to English as "Bank of Laos", the name of the currency issuing authority of the Lao Kingdom. Directly below the text, outside the rectangular box, is the nine-digit serial number in black ink. The Lao number "໑໐໐", corresponding to "100" in Western Arabic numerals, is printed in orange to the left and right sides of the serial number. The signature of the Governor of the Bank of Laos at the time is printed between the serial number and the image of the chalice, captioned above in Lao as "ຜູ້ອຳນວຍການ" (phuoamnuanykan; English: "Governor") and in French as "Le Gouverneur" (English: "The Governor"). To the right of this is the signature of a censor who worked for the Bank of Laos, with the Lao caption "ຜູ້ກວດກາຜູ້ນຶ່ງ" (phu kuadka phunung; English: "a censor") and French text "Un Censeur" (English: "a censor") printed above. An empty white square is present between the chalice and the nāgas at the right of the note. When viewed against the light, a watermark of Airavata similar to the image on the left side of the note becomes visible. The value "ຮ້ອຍກີບ" (hony kip; English: "one hundred kip") is printed in bluish ink inside a pink rectangular box below the image of the chalice, and below that inside of a light blue rectangular box is a Lao counterfeit notice in pink print reading "ຜູ້ໃດປອມແປງທະນະບັດຈະໄດ້ຮັບໂທດຕາມກົດໜາຍ" (phudai pomaepng thana bad chadaihab othd tam kodnai), which essentially states that counterfeiters would be punished according to the law. At the left corner of the note's obverse is a yellow box containing a five-digit number, and at the right corner is a similar box containing a letter followed by a number.
The note's reverse is very similar in appearance to a Lao 100 piastre/kip note printed by the Institut d'Emission des Etats du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam in 1954, the only difference being the text. It features an image of a young Lao woman holding a bowl of different-colored roses at the right, and a rose plant and a container holding several flowers at the left. Displayed in the background in the middle of the note is the Haw Phra Kaew, a prominent Buddhist temple in Vientiane, Laos. An empty white square similar to that on the obverse is present between the rose plant and the Haw Phra Kaew. At the upper left and right corners of the reverse in red ink is the number "100". The French text "BANQUE NATIONALE DU LAOS" (English: "National Bank of Laos") is printed in the same color between the roof of the Haw Phra Kaew and the "100" in the upper right corner. Written in the small space between the bowl of roses held by the woman and the white square is the French value "CENT KIP" (English: "One hundred kip"), with the first word printed in larger font than the last. At the very bottom of the note in the center of a quadrilateral white frame is the blue text "LE CONTREFACTEUR SERA PUNI CONFORMÉMENT A LA LOI", which translates to "The counterfeiter will be punished according to the law".
The Standard Catalog of World Paper Money by Krause Publications lists two major varieties of this note: the issued banknote and the specimen. The latter is distinguishable from its circulation counterpart by its perforation.
Banknote of Sisavang Vatthana (1974)Edit
Sisavang Vatthana, the eldest son of Sisavang Vong, became the King of Laos after the latter's death in 1959. In spite of this, however, a new 100 kip banknote was not produced until around 1974, the penultimate year of Vatthana's reign and the last full year before the Pathet Lao took control of Laos. The British security printing company De La Rue was commissioned to produce the new note, while the Bank of Laos was responsible for its issuance. The banknote is horizontally-oriented, with a width of 143 millimeters and a height of 75. It is described as being predominantly brown in color with a blue background and green and pink underprint.
A right-facing portrait of King Sisavang Vatthana showing his face and upper torso is present at the left side of the note's obverse, printed in brown ink. To the direct right is a depiction of the Haw Phra Kaew in Vientiane. To the right of the image of the temple is a white circular area containing a watermark of Airavata that becomes visible when held up to light. Featured above the Haw Phra Kaew is a multicolored floral pattern superimposed by the signature of the Governor of the Bank of Laos at the time the note was printed, captioned below in Lao as "ຜູ້ອຳນວຍການ" (phuoamnuanykan) and in French as "LE GOUVERNEUR". Printed to the left of the governor's signature is the signature of a censor who worked for the Bank of Laos, the Lao caption "ຜູ້ກວດກາຜູ້ນຶ່ງ" (phu kuadka phunung) and French text "UN CENSEUR" written below it. Printed in brown ink above both signatures is a Lao counterfeiting notice that reads "ຜູ້ໃດປອມແປງທະນະບັດຈະໄດ້ຮັບໂທດຕາມກົດໜາຍ" (phudai pomaepng thana bad chadaihab othd tam kodnai). The six digit serial number is printed twice, once above the white circle at the right side of the note and once superimposed over Sisavang Vatthana's upper torso. A two-character code consisting of a Lao letter followed by a Western Arabic numeral (ex: "ປ1") is printed in black ink at the right side of the banknote, the value "ຮ້ອຍກີບ" (hony kip) written in brown nearby. An ornate border surrounds much of the contents of the obverse. The left and right sides of this border feature scenes containing a Hindu deity and three beasts, additionally decorated with sprays. The Lao number "໑໐໐" ("100") is printed inside a rectangular box at each of the note's four corners. Inside the border at the very top of the note is the Lao name of the Bank of Laos, "ທະນາຄານແຫ່ງຊາດລາວ" (thanakan aehngsadlao), in the center of a rectangular frame with rounded ends.
Featured in the center of the note's reverse is a depiction of two oxen pulling a cart with a man inside, near a group of irrigation canals. In the background, a man on an ox's back is present near piles of dirt, and several power lines are also visible. At the left side of the illustration is an empty white circle similar to the one on the obverse. The note's value is written in black ink near the top of the image as "CENT KIP". As with the obverse, the contents of the reverse are also enclosed within a decorative border. The left and right sides of the border include images of a Hindu deity being lifted up by another with serpents below and sprays around them. Printed inside a rectangular border at each of the four corners of the note is the numeral "100". The French name for the Bank of Laos, "BANQUE NATIONALE DU LAOS", is written in a brown rectangular box inside the border at the top of the note, while the French counterfeiting notice "LE CONTREFACTEUR SERA PUNI CONFORMÉMENT A LA LOI" is printed in brown ink inside a white rectangular frame at the bottom of the note that is flanked to the left and right by three Lao nāgas.
Krause's Standard Catalog of World Paper Money includes three main varieties of this note: a circulation banknote, a specimen, and a replacement. The specimen bears the French overprint "SANS VALEUR" (English: "worthless" or "without value") on the obverse, while the replacement note has the prefix "9" before the six-digit serial number.
Banknote of the Pathet Lao (1975)Edit
The Pathet Lao, or Lao Patriotic Front, a communist nationalist group that fought the Royal Lao Government for control of Laos, came into power in 1975 following the capture of Vientiane and the forced abdication of King Sisavang Vatthana and the resignation of Prime Minister Souvanna Phouma (1901–1984). The group's leader, Prince Souphanouvong (1909–1995), assumed the position of President of Laos and established the country as a socialist state, the Lao People's Democratic Republic. Soon after, the new government issued its first series of paper money, consisting solely of undated banknotes. Such notes were printed in China and then issued by the Pathet Lao. The 100 kip note of the series is horizontally-oriented, having a width of 152 millimeters and a height of 76. It is predominantly blue in color, but the color gold is prominent on the obverse as well.
Featured in the center of the note's obverse is an image of Lao fishermen in longboats on a river, with mountains and trees in the background. The Lao text "ປະເທດລາວ" (Pathet Lao) is printed in bolded dark blue at the top of the image, while the new national motto "ສັນຕິພາບ, ເອກະລາດ, ເປັນກາງ, ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ, ເອກະພາບ, ວັດຫະນາຖາວອນ" (Romanized: Santiphab, ekalad, penkang, pasathipatai, ekaphab, vadhanathauaon; English: "Peace, independence, neutrality, democracy, unity, and prosperity") is written below it in the same color ink, but in smaller non-bolded print. The Lao numeral "໑໐໐" is printed in blue twice below the motto in print slightly larger than the "ປະເທດລາວ" (Pathet Lao), once near the word "ສັນຕິພາບ" (santiphab) and again near the "ວັດຫະນາຖາວອນ" (vadhanathauaon). Written twice near the bottom of the illustration in red ink is the six-digit serial number, which is prefixed by two Latin letters (ex: "VL 000000"). A large floral pattern in gold is present between both of the serial numbers, with the value "ຮ້ອຍກີບ" (hony kip) printed below. An ornate border surrounds the entire illustration. The left and right borders consist of florally-decorated columns. Curved patterns make up the boundary at the top of the note, while a design consisting of several flowers comprises the border at the bottom of the note. The Lao number "໑໐໐" is printed at the bottom left and right corners of the note, superimposed over a plant inside a rectangular frame with flowery edges.
Featured in the middle of the note's obverse is a scene from a textile store showing men and women looking at fabric, printed using a blue ink. Written above this illustration in the same color inside of a rectangular border is the Lao text "ຄະນະກຳມະການສູນກາງແນວລາວຮັກຊາດ" (Romanized: khanakammakan sunkang aenualauahaksad), which translates to English as "Committee of the Lao Patriotic Front". The value "ຮ້ອຍກີບ" (hony kip) is printed below the scene of the textile shop, superimposed over a decorative element depicting several fish in water. The Western Arabic numeral "100" is printed to the left and right of this element, designed over a flower inside a long hexagonal border flanked by elaborate knots. Above these are columns decorated with floral sprays and vines. The left column features a floral design with a wheel in its center, superimposed by the number "100" in block numerals. Depicted at the top of the right column is the Pha That Luang, a prominent gold-covered Buddhist stupa located in Vientiane. Below it the numeral "100" is printed once more in blue, in relatively small print.
Krause's Standard Catalog of World Paper Money lists two main varieties of the note: circulation and specimen. The specimen differs from its circulation counterpart by the red Lao overprint "ແບບເງີນ" (Romanized: aebb ngoen; English: "money design") on the obverse and reverse, the use of the serial number "VL 000000" on the obverse, and the presence of a four-digit number printed in red ink at the bottom of the reverse.
Banknote of the Lao PDR kip (1979)Edit
Circa 1979, the newly established Bank of the Lao People's Democratic Republic introduced a series of paper money for a new currency, the Lao PDR kip, that effectively replaced the previous series of Pathet Lao "Liberation" kip notes. As with the Pathet Lao banknotes, the 1979 notes were printed without dates. The 100 kip note of the series is horizontally-oriented, measuring 137 millimeters in width by 68 millimeters in height. It is described as being predominantly blue-green in color, even though certain elements are dark blue and the underprint of the note is multicolored.
Featured at the left center of the note's obverse is a scene depicting Lao people harvesting grain. In the background, several trees are visible, as well as a pagoda, power lines, and the Pha That Luang. To the right of this illustration is the emblem of Laos used from 1975 to 1991 – which consists of a hydroelectric dam, asphalt road, forest, paddy field, gear, and three power lines inside a circle of rice. Wrapped around portions of the rice is a ribbon bearing the Lao state title of the Lao People's Democratic Republic, "ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ" (Romanized: Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao), in its center, and the motto "ສັນຕິພາບ ເອກະລາດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ເອກະພາບ ວັດຖະນາຖາວອນ" (Romanized: Santiphab, ekalad, pasathipatai, ekaphab, vadhanathauaon; English: "Peace, Independence, Democracy, Union, Prosperity") at its sides, the words "ສັນຕິພາບ ເອກະລາດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ" (Santiphab, ekalad, pasathipatai) written at the left and the text "ເອກະພາບ ວັດຖະນາຖາວອນ" (Ekaphab, vadhanathauaon) printed at the right. At the top center of the arms is the five-pointed star and the hammer and sickle, two symbols representing communism. Printed directly below the arms in red ink is the seven-digit serial number, preceded by a Latin letter and a Western Arabic numeral (ex: "N8 0000000"). At the left and right sides of the note are blue sprays. Printed at the top two corners of the note in blue ink are images of flowers inside square borders. Between the two floral decorations is a green arabesque pattern on which a rectangular border of the same color is present. In the center of this border is the state title of Laos, "ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ" (Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao), flanked by two long diamond-shaped designs. The Lao numeral "໑໐໐" is printed inside a rectangular box at the bottom two corners of the note.
Displayed at the left center of the note's reverse is an illustration of a long bridge on which two trucks are travelling, with a number of mountains and trees in the background. To the right of this depiction are four storage tanks with the branches of a tree visible overhead and a Lao soldier with a rifle behind his back nearby. Printed in a large font near the bottom left of the image of the bridge is the value "ໜຶ່ງຮ້ອຍກີບ" (Romanized: nung hony kip; English: "one hundred kip"). At the left and right edges of the reverse are green decorative borders featuring a Hindu deity standing on top of an elephant, possibly representing Indra and Airavata, with vines in the background. A floral pattern is printed at the very top of the note's reverse, followed below by a small dotted pattern. A dark blue rectangular border with rounded edges, flanked to the left and right by the Western Arabic number "100", is superimposed over this pattern. Inside this border the Lao title of the issuing authority, "ທະນາຄານແຫ່ງລັດ" (Romanized: Thanakhanaehng lad; English: "State Bank"), is printed in white. The very bottom of the note features a green floral decorative pattern that also includes what appear to be small animals.
The Standard Catalog of World Paper Money currently lists three varieties of the 1979 100 kip banknote: circulation, specimen, and replacement. The specimen can be identified from its circulation and replacement counterparts from the presence of the red Lao overprint "ແບບເງີນ" (aebb ngoen) on the obverse and the English overprint "SPECIMEN" on the reverse, while the replacement note can be distinguished from the "ZB" prefix of the serial number.
|Coins||10 c • 10 a • 20 c • 20 a • 50 c • 50 a • ₭1 • ₭5 • ₭10 • ₭20 • ₭50 • ₭100 • ₭500 • ₭1000 • ₭1200 • ₭2000 • ₭2500 • ₭3000 • ₭4000 • ₭5000 • ₭8000 • ₭10,000 • ₭15,000 • ₭20,000 • ₭40,000 • ₭50,000 • ₭60,000 • ₭80,000 • ₭100,000 • ₭1,000,000|
|Banknotes||10 a • 20 a • 50 a • P/₭1 • ₭1 • P/₭5 • ₭5 • P/₭10 • ₭10 • ₭20 • ₭50 • P/₭100 • ₭100 • ₭200 • ₭500 • ₭1000 • ₭2000 • ₭5000 • ₭10,000 • ₭20,000 • ₭50,000 • ₭100,000|
|Miscellaneous||Att • Bank of the Lao People's Democratic Republic • Bank of Laos • Cent • French Indochinese piastre • Institut d'Emission des Etats du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam • Lao Issara • Pathet Lao|