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Kingdom of Italy

Regno d'Italia

Flag of France
Flag of the Italian Republic (1802)
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy
Flag of the Papal States (1825-1870)
18051814 Flag of Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia
Flag of the Kingdom of Sardinia
Flag of the Duchy of Modena
Flag of the Papal States (1825-1870)
Flag of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy
Flag
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Italy (1805-1814)
Coat of arms

Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic)

Capital

Milan

Languages

Italian

Currency

Italian lira

Establishment
-Proclamation

March 17, 1805

-Abdication

April 11, 1814

The Kingdom of Italy (Italian: Regno d'Italia; also Regno Italico) was a state founded by French Emperor Napoleon (1769–1821) in present-day Italy that existed from 1805 to 1814.

HistoryEdit

Andrea Appiana 002

Napoleon during his reign as King of Italy.

The Kingdom of Italy was established on March 17, 1805, when the Italian Republic, which was ruled by Emperor Napoleon I of France, became the Kingdom of Italy. Napoleon was given the title of King of Italy, and Eugène de Beauharnais (1781–1824) served as his viceroy.

Initially, the Kingdom of Italy consisted solely of the former territories of the Italian Republic: the Duchy of Milan, Duchy of Mantua, Duchy of Modena, the western portion of the Republic of Venice, a portion of the Papal States in Romagna, and the Province of Novara. In 1806, Austria ceded the eastern and remaining part of the Venetian territories to the Kingdom of Italy under terms of the Treaty of Pressburg. The Duchy of Guastalla was annexed later that year. General Auguste de Marmont (1774–1852) of the French Army later conquered the Republic of Ragusa during spring 1808, and it became part of the Kingdom of Italy. The final arrangement regarding territorial changes of Napoleonic Italy arrived in 1810. King Maximilian I Joseph (1756–1825) of Bavaria ceded southern Tyrol to the Kingdom of Italy, which in turn ceded Istria and Dalmatia (with Ragusa) to France, incorporating these territories into the newly established French Illyrian Provinces.

Following Napoleon's abdication to the thrones of France and Italy on April 11, 1814, the kingdom became disestablished, and its territory became annexed the Austrian Empire.

CurrencyEdit

See also: Italian lira (Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy)
Regno d'Italia - 40 lire 1812

A 40 lire coin from 1812.

The Kingdom of Italy was given a new national currency, the lira, which replaced the local coins that circulated during the short existence of the Italian Republic. The new coins were of the same, size, and metal of the French coins issued at the time. The mintage of each coin was decided by Napoleon, and with an imperial decree on March 21, 1806, production of the coins began at mints in Bologna, Milan, and Venice in 1807. The lower denominated coins were struck in copper, middle denominated coins in silver, and higher denominated coins in gold or fine silver. The currency was subdivided into 100 centesimi (cents), as well as 20 soldi.

Currency History
Code Currency Name Dates Conversion Divisions
Napoleonic lira
18071814
  100 centesimi = 20 soldi = 1 lira

ReferencesEdit

 v · d · e
Italian States
AlberaAlessandriaAlgheroAnconaArquataAscoliAstiAvignonBelgioiosoBelmonteBenevelloBergamoBolognaBargo Val di Taro (Borgotaro) • BozzoloBrescelloBresciaBrixen (Bressanone) • CagliariCamerinoCampiCarmagnolaCasaleCasale MonferratoCastiglione dei GattiCastiglione delle StiviereCisalpine RepublicCispadane RepublicCisternaCivitavecchiaClitunnoCompianoCorreggioCorsica, Kingdom ofCorsica, Republic ofCorteCremaCremonaCrevacuoreCuneoDesanaEmiliaFaenzaFanoFermoFerraraFerrara, Duchy ofFolignoFrincoGaetaGazoldoGenoaGoriziaGuastallaGubbioItalian RepublicLeccoLivornoLoanoLombardy-VenetiaLuccaMaccagnoMacerataMantuaMasegraMassa (Massa di Lunigiana) • Massa-CarraraMasseranoMateliaMesoccoMilanMirandolaModenaMoncalvoMontaltoMuranoMussoNaples and SicilyNapoleonic Kingdom of ItalyNice (Nizza) • NovellaraOrbetelloOrezzoOrtaPalmanovaPapal StatesParmaPaviaPergolaPerugiaPiacenzaPiedmontPiombinoPisaPomponescoPorciaRavennaReggio EmiliaRetegnoRoman Republic (1798–1799)Roman Republic (1849)RonciglioneRoncoRovegnoRoveredoSabbionetaSan GiorgioSan MartinoSan SeverinoSardiniaSassariSavonaSavoySeborgaSicilySolferinoSoragnaSpoletoTassaroloTerniTivoliTorrigliaTrentoTresanaTricerroTuscanyUrbinoVastoVeniceVentimigliaVercelliVergagniViterbo

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