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Kingdom of Bohemia

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Kingdom of Bohemia

České království (Czech)
Königreich Böhmen (German)
Regnum Bohemiae (Latin)

Flag of Bohemia 11981918 Flag of Czechoslovakia
Flag of Bohemia
Flag
Wappen Königreich Böhmen
Coat of arms

Kingdom of Bohemia during the Hussite Wars

Capital

Prague

Currency
Establishment
-Kingdom established

1198

-Joined the Habsburg Empire

1620/27

-Kronland of the Austrian Empire

1804

-Part of Austria-Hungary

1867

-Dissolution

1918

The Kingdom of Bohemia (Czech: České království; German: Königreich Böhmen; Latin: Regnum Bohemiae) was a former country located in modern-day Czech Republic. It was a part of the Holy Roman Empire before its dissolution in 1806. After this, it became a part of the Austrian Empire and then the Austro-Hungarian Empire. After the defeat of the Central Powers in World War I, both the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Kingdom of Bohemia fell, bringing rise to the First Czechoslovak Republic.

HistoryEdit

During 1198, the Kingdom of Bohemia was formally established by King Ottokar I. After this, the country became a part of the Habsburg Empire. During 1804, after the fall of the Habsburg Empire, the Kingdom of Bohemia became the Kronland of the Austrian Empire. Two years later, the Holy Roman Empire, which the kingdom had been a part of for centuries, had fallen. In 1867, after the fall of the Austrian Empire, the kingdom joined the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and remained loyal to it until the end of the empire and kingdom in 1918.

NumismaticsEdit

Joachimsthaler 1525

The Joachimsthaler, one of the most known coins of Bohemia.

At about 1300, King Wenceslaus II led to the issue of the Prague gulden, which was used in Bohemia for about two-and-a-half centuries. In 1547, production of the currency ceased under the rule of Ferdinand I. During the same year, the famous Joachimsthaler was produced. Like the gulden, the Joachimsthaler remained in circulation for many years, but ultimately ended in 1671. It is likely that after this, the Kingdom of Bohemia used the Reichsthaler and Conventionsthaler of the Holy Roman Empire. After the kingdom became a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, it adopted the gulden in 1867. In 1892, the krone was introduced to the Kingdom of Bohemia, and it remained in use until the end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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