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3 centesimi
KoI 3 centesimi 1808B
Coin from 1808
General information
Country

Flag of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Italy

Value

0.03 lire

Years

18071813

Measurements and composition
Mass

6.3 g

Diameter

23.5 mm

Composition

copper

Appearance
Edge

Four lines or plain

Obverse

Napoleon, year

Reverse

Iron Crown of Lombardy, value

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The 3 centesimo coin was issued from 1807 to 1814 by Kingdom of Italy, a client state of the French Empire under Napoleon I, who served as both Emperor of France and King of Italy during the time period. It had a value equal to 0.03 lire or 0.6 soldi.

The coin is composed of copper. It weighs approximately 6.3 grams and measures 23.5 millimeters in diameter. The edges are either smooth or bear four lines. The obverse, designed and engraved by Italian sculptor Luigi Manfredini, features in its center a left-facing portrait of Napoleon, Emperor of France and King of Italy. Starting near the lower left of his likeness and extending along the coin's periphery to the other side of the coin is the Italian caption "NAPOLEONE IMPERATORE E RE", which translates to English as "Napoleon, Emperor and King". Directly below the illustration of Napoleon is the year of minting, flanked by an oil lamp representing Manfredini and either an anchor, oak branch, or pomegranate, respectively indicating production at the Venice, Bologna, and Milan mints. A radiated depiction of the Iron Crown of Lombardy, the ceremonial headpiece that was worn by Napoleon during his coronation as King of Italy, is displayed in the middle of the reverse. Around the coin's rim above is the state title "REGNO D'ITALIA" (English: "Kingdom of Italy"), while the value "3.CENTESIMI" and the mint mark are displayed below, with a "B" representing Bologna, an "M" signifying Milan, and a "V" indicating Venice. In total, at least 19,133,000 examples were produced: 2,968,000 at Bologna; 15,394,000 at Milan; and 771,000 at Venice. About 1,845,000 3 centesimo coins produced at Bologna in 1810 feature the date printed over an "1809", and about 845,000 from 1813 display the date over an "1808". About 2,798,000 of the coins from Milan minted in 1810 are of an overdated variety, with the date being printed over an "1809". Also, an unknown number of 1810-dated pieces from Venice show the date stamped over an "1800".

A copper 3 centesimo pattern coin was struck in Milan in 1806. It bears essentially the same designs as the subsequent 3 centesimo coins that entered circulation.

ReferencesEdit

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Napoleonic lira
Lira coins ₤1₤2₤5₤20₤40
Centesimo coins 1 centesimo2 centesimi3 centesimi10 centesimi25 centesimi
Soldo coins 1 soldo5 soldi10 soldi15 soldi
Miscellaneous Bologna MintLuigi ManfrediniMilan MintVenice Mint

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