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Italian 10 centesimo coin

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10 centesimi
Italy 10 centesimos 1941
Coin from 1941
General information
Country

Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned Kingdom of Italy
Flag of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy

Value

£0.10

Years
Measurements and composition
Mass
Click to
  • 1.9 g (1807–1814)[1]
  • 10 g (1862–1867)[3]
  • 9.51 g (1893–1894)[4]
  • 9.97 g (1911)[5]
  • 5.4 g (1919–1939)[6][7]
  • 4.9 g (1939–1943)[8]
Diameter
Click to
  • 18 mm (1807–1814)[1]
  • 30 mm (1862–1867, 1911)[3][5]
  • 30.34 mm (1893–1894)[4]
  • 23 mm (1919–1937)[6]
  • 22 mm (1936–1939)[7]
  • 22.5 mm (1939–1943)[8]
Composition
Click to
Appearance
Shape

round

Alignment
Obverse
Click to
Reverse
Click to
v · d · e

The 10 centesimo coin was first minted by the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy in 1807. A year after the founding of the Kingdom of Italy, the Italian lira was reintroduced, and in the process introuced a new 10 centesimo coin. Since then, new issues were introduced in 1893, 1911, 1919, 1936, and 1939. These coins equaled 10 centesimi, or 0.10 lire.

HistoryEdit

Napoleonic coinEdit

Parpagliola napoleone

The first 10 centesimo coin.

The first 10 centesimo coin was introduced in 1807 during the reign of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy. It weighed only 1.9 grams and had a diameter of 18 millimeters. The coin was composed of 200/1000 silver, and due to its low silver content, it is often regarded as parpagliola. Luigi Manfredini was given the task of designing the coin. On the obverse, an "N" was displayed under the Iron Crown of Lombardy; both were surrounded by a laurel wreath. The reverse showed the value, year of minting, and the text "Napoleone Imperatore Ere". These coins stopped circulating in 1814.[1][2]

Coin of Victor Emmanuel IIEdit

10 centesimi del 1867

The second 10 centesimo coin, depicting Victor Emmanuel II.

In 1862, two years after the establishment of the Kingdom of Italy, a new 10 centesimo coin was minted. It was significantly larger in size than the last coin, having been 10 grams in mass and 30 millimeters in diameter. The coin was mainly composed of copper. On the obverse of the coin is an effigy of King Victor Emmanuel II with the lettering, "VITTORIO EMANUELE II RE D'ITALIA". The reverse displayed the value of the coin and year of minting surrounded by a wreath with a five-pointed star at the top. These coins were minted up until 1867.[3]

Coin of Umberto IEdit

Italy 10 centesimi 1893

An 1893 coin depicting Umberto I.

After the end of Victor Emmanuel II's reign, Umberto I took the title of King of Italy. Because of this, new coins were issued displaying the new king. In 1893, a new issue of 10 centesimo coins was created, which displayed Umberto on the obverse with the lettering, "UMBERTO I RE D'ITALIA". The reverse of the coin, just like the last coin, had displayed the value and year of minting surrounded by a wreath with a five-pointed star on top of it. Other than design, this coin had other differences with the coin depicting Victor Emmanuel II. It was composed of bronze. The mass of the coin was lowered to 9.51 grams and the diameter to 30.34 millimeters. These were only circulated for two years, ending the process in 1894.[4]

1911 commemorative coinEdit

Italy 10 centesimi 1911

The commemorative coin of 1911.

During 1911, the Kingdom of Italy introduced a commemorative 10 centesimo coin, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the country. Once again, the 10 centesimo coin was composed of copper. It weighed 9.97 grams and had a diameter of 30 millimeters, being very similar in size to the first 10 centesimo coin of the kingdom. The coin was engraved by L. Giorgi and D. Trentacoste. Displayed on the obverse for the first time was the successor of Umberto I, Victor Emmanuel III with the lettering, "VITTORIO EMANUELE III RE D'ITALIA". The reverse displayed two women by a ship along with the value and the numbers, "1861-1911". Two million of these coins were produced in the one year it was minted.[5]

1919 issueEdit

10 centesimi del 1920

A coin from 1920.

In 1919, another 10 centesimo coin was issued the Kingdom of Italy. It was designed by Attilio Silvio Motti. Like most coins the same value before it, the coin was composed of copper. The coin was smaller than most of the 10 centesimo coins that came before it, having a mass of 5.4 grams, a diameter of 23 millimeters, and a thickness of 1.9 millimeters. Featured on the obverse was King Victor Emmanuel III with the legend, "VITTORIO EMANVELE III RE D'ITALIA". Its reverse showed a bee on a flower with the value and year of minting. Due to having circulated the longest of all Italian 10 centesimo coins (until 1937), it is the most common, as roughly 406 million copies were made. This coin was the first standard issue 10 centesimo coin that featured Victor Emmanuel III.[6]

1936 issueEdit

10 centesimi 1937

Coin from 1937.

A year prior to the end of the former 10 centesimo coin, during 1936, the Kingdom of Italy produced a new coin of the same value. It had a mass of 5.4 grams, a diameter of 22 millimeters, and a thickness of 1.6 millimeters. The coin was once again composed of copper. Its engraver, Giuseppe Romagnoli had designed an effigy of King Victor Emmanuel III on the obverse, with the legend, "VITT·EM·III ·RE·E·IMP·". On its obverse was a Fascist fasces and an ear of corn with the value, year of minting, and state title (Italia). Production of these coins ceased in 1939 with the introduction of a new coin.[7]

1939 issueEdit

In 1939, a year prior to the Kingdom of Italy's involvement in World War II, a new 10 centesimo coin was produced. It was the first 10 centesimo coin to be compose of aluminum-bronze, due to the need of copper for weaponry. The coin weighed a total of 4.9 g, had a diameter of 22.5 millimeters, and had a thickness of 2 millimeters. The 1939 issue (pictured above) was very similar to the 1936 issue. Just like the last coin, it was engraved by Giuseppe Romagnoli. It had featured Victor Emmanuel III with the legend, "VITT·EM·III ·RE·E·IMP·" on its obverse. On the reverse, a Fascist fasces, an ear of corn, the value, year of minting, and state title (Italia) were displayed. In design, the coin was identical to the 1936 issue, but in composition, mass, diameter, and thickness, it had differed. Production of this issue ceased in 1943 following Italy's withdrawal from World War II.[8]

ReferencesEdit

 v · d · e
Italian lira (1862-2002)
Banknotes 50 c.₤1₤2₤5₤10₤20₤50₤100₤500₤1000₤2000₤5000₤10,000₤20,000₤50,000₤100,000₤500,000
Coins Official: 1 c.2 c.5 c.10 c.20 c.50 c.₤1₤2₤5₤10₤20₤50₤100₤200₤500₤1000
Miscellaneous IPZSCommemorative coinSammarinese liraVatican liraAm-liraTripolitanian liraTrieste liraLjubljana lira

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