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Gibraltar 1 pound coin

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1 pound
Gibraltar Skull £1
Reverse
General information
Country

Flag of Gibraltar Gibraltar

Value

£1.00

Years

1988–present

Measurements and composition
Mass

9.5 g

Diameter

22.5 mm

Composition

nickel-brass (other metals used for commemorative coins; see below for details)

Appearance
Shape

round

Alignment

medallic

Obverse

Elizabeth II, state title, year

Reverse
v · d · e

The 1 pound coin was first issued by the British overseas territory of Gibraltar in 1988. This first issue was minted until 1997, and was eventually replaced by a similar issue in 1998, which was minted thenceforth until 2002. The most current general issue was introduced in 2005 and was last struck in 2011.

Gibraltar has also issued circulated commemorative 1 pound coins. See below for details.

HistoryEdit

General issuesEdit

Gibraltar £1

Reverse of the first two general issues.

The first general issue Gibraltarian 1 pound coin was struck in 1988 and continued to be issued until 1997. The coin is composed of nickel-brass, weighs 9.5 grams, and measures 22.5 millimeters in diameter and 3.15 millimeters thick. Raphael David Maklouf's right-facing portrait of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is displayed on the obverse, flanked by a caption reading "ELIZABETH II" to the left and a legend reading "GIBRALTAR" and the year to the right. The reverse, designed by Alfred Ryman, features the coat of arms of Gibraltar with the value inscribed above. Like many Gibraltarian coins of the time period, it was struck at the Pobjoy Mint in Tadworth, Surrey. In addition to the standard nickel-brass 1 pound coins, uncirculated silver and gold issues were struck in 1988, bearing the same measurements as their base metal counterparts. The second issue was introduced in 1998 and was minted until 2002. It differs from the first issue only by featuring Ian Rank-Broadley's portrait of Elizabeth II, using a larger font on the obverse, and that the "GIBRALTAR" and the date were moved to the left of the likeness of Elizabeth, and her name was moved to the right.

The third general issue, a circulated commemorative, was struck from 2005 to 2011. Metrically, the coin does not differ from its predecessors. However, stylistically, it is much different. A new portrait of Elizabeth II by Raphael David Maklouf is displayed on the obverse, flanked to the left by her name and to the right by the text "GIBRALTAR" and the year. In commemoration of the discovery of Gibraltar 1, a Neanderthal skull found at Forbes' Quarry in Gibraltar in 1848, an image of the artifact, designed by Philip Nathan, is displayed on the reverse, with the value inscribed above and a legend reading "DISCOVERY OF NEANDERTHAL SKULL IN GIBRALTAR 1848" written below.

Commemorative coinsEdit

Gibraltar Coinage £1

The first commemorative 1 pound coin.

Gibraltar issued its first commemorative 1 pound coin in 1989 to mark the 100th anniversary of Gibraltarian coinage. Thenceforth, the government of the British overseas territory has issued commemoratives denominated at 1 pound once every few years. Like the general issue coinage, a majority are minted using nickel-brass planchets, but the Pobjoy Mint has struck silver examples during the years 1989, 1993, and 1995, and both gold and platinum examples in 1989 and 1993. Regardless of composition, all commemorative Gibraltarian 1 pound coins bear the same measurements, which are identical to those of the corresponding general issue coins. Similarly, they share the same obverses as the circulation coinage.

Image Year Subject Obverse Reverse Composition Mintage
1989 100th anniversary of Gibraltarian coinage Elizabeth II, "ELIZABETH II", "GIBRALTAR", year (Maklouf) Coat of arms of Gibraltar in circle, "150 ANNIVERSARY OF THE FIRST GIBRALTAR COIN", value nickel-brass
silver 2500
gold 150
platinum 100
1993 Referendum of 1967 Elizabeth II, "ELIZABETH II", "GIBRALTAR", year (Maklouf) Coat of arms of Gibraltar above Rock of Gibraltar with Union Flag, "REFERENDUM-1967-1993" nickel-brass
silver 5000
gold 3500
1994 40th anniversary of Elizabeth II's first Royal Visit to Gibraltar Elizabeth II, "ELIZABETH II", "GIBRALTAR", year (Maklouf) Ocean liner sailing before the Rock of Gibraltar, "40TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE 1ST ROYAL VISIT OF QUEEN ELIZABETH II", value nickel-brass
1995 50th anniversary of the United Nations Elizabeth II, "ELIZABETH II", "GIBRALTAR", year (Maklouf) Rock of Gibraltar, UN emblem, "NATIONAL DAY", value nickel-brass
silver 3500
2003 1700th anniversary of the death of Saint George Elizabeth II, "ELIZABETH II", "GIBRALTAR", year Saint George on horseback and the dragon, "• AMICUS • CHRISTI • GEORGIUS •", value nickel-brass
2004 300th anniversary of the Great Siege of Gibraltar Elizabeth II, "ELIZABETH II", "GIBRALTAR", year (Maklouf) Left-facing cannon, "1704-2004", "THE GREAT SIEGE OF GIBRALTAR 1779-1783", value nickel-brass
Gibraltar Skull £1 2005-2011 Discovery of Gibraltar 1 skull see above

ReferencesEdit

 v · d · e
Gibraltar pound
Banknotes 2/-10/-£1£5£10£20£50£100
Coins Pence: 1 p2 p5 p10 p20 p25 p50 p
Pound: £1£2₠2.8/£2£5₠14/£10₠35/£25₠70/£50
Crown: 125 C110 C⅕ C¼ C½ C1 C (pre-decimal) • 1 C (decimal) • 1 C (medallic) • 2 C5 C10 C32 C40 C
Royal: 125 R110 R⅕ R½ R1 R
Sovereign: ⅕ S¼ S½ S1 S (decimal) • 1 S (medallic) • 2 S5 S
Miscellaneous CrownEuropean Currency UnitGibraltar euro coinsGibraltar realPennyPoundPound sterlingRoyal
SovereignTower Mint, Ltd.

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