|1 peseta guineana|
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The 1 peseta guineana coin is a former circulation coin that was issued by the Republic of Equatorial Guinea in 1969, shortly after the country's independence from Spain. Introduced under President Francisco Macías Nguema (1924–1979), the piece was produced at the Royal Spanish Mint in Madrid, Spain, and distributed under the authority of the Bank of Equatorial Guinea. Prior to its demonetization after the establishment of the Equatorial Guinean ekwele in 1975, the piece carried a legal tender face value equivalent to 1.00 pesetas.
The metrics and composition of the piece closely resemble those of the Spanish 1 peseta coin of the time period. Like the Spanish coin, the Equatoguinean piece is composed of an aluminum-bronze alloy. It has a mass of 4.2 grams, a diameter of 19.5 millimeters, and a thickness of 1.66 millimeters, closely corresponding with the Spanish coin's mass of 3.5 grams, diameter of 21 millimeters, and thickness of 1.6 millimeters. The coin of Equatorial Guinea has coin alignment and a reeded edge, and is round in shape. Displayed in the center of the piece's obverse are two crossing elephant tusks, a symbol common on coins of Macías Nguema from 1969 and 1970. The ivory tusks of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) have historically been valued in many societies, including Equatorial Guinea. The Spanish state title of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, "REPÚBLICA DE GUINEA ECUATORIAL", is inscribed clockwise along the rim of the piece, extending from the lower left to lower right peripheries. The date "1969" appears counterclockwise at the bottom of the piece. However, similar to the Spanish coins of the period, the actual date of minting, which also happens to be 1969, is written in two six-pointed stars. The first star, bearing the digits "19", appears near the bottom of the piece to the left of the year, while the second, containing the "69", flanks the year to the right. Featured at the center right of the reverse is the coat of arms of Equatorial Guinea – which consists of a central escutcheon displaying a silk cotton tree (Ceiba pentandra), with six six-pointed stars above and a scroll bearing the national motto "UNIDAD PAZ JUSTICIA" (English: "Unity, Peace, Justice") below. The face value "1 PESETA GUINEANA", translating as "1 (Equatorial) Guinean peseta", is inscribed to the left on three lines, the numeral written in a significantly larger font than the following words. The rims of both the obverse and reverse are raised.
- Numismatic Guaranty Corporation – 1969(69) Equatorial Guinea Peseta KM# 1
- Numista – 1 Peseta Guineana - Equatorial Guinea (English) (French)
- Colnect – 1 Peseta (Equatorial Guinea)
- Equatorial Guinean peseta on the English Wikipedia