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2½ milliemes
Egypt 2½ millieme 1933
General information
Country

Flag of Egypt (1922–1958) Kingdom of Egypt

Value

milliemes = 0.025 ersh = 0.0025 pound

Years

1933 (AH1352)

Measurements and composition
Mass

3 g

Diameter

19 mm

Thickness

1.5 mm

Composition

cupronickel

Appearance
Shape

octagonal (eight-sided)

Alignment

medallic

Edge

plain

Obverse

Fuad I, monarch title

Reverse

Gregorian and Islamic dates, state title, value

v · d · e

The millieme coin is a former circulation piece of the Kingdom of Egypt, issued in 1933 under King Fuad I (1868–1936; r. 1917–1936). It was distributed by the Egyptian government and produced on contract at the Kings Norton Mint in the United Kingdom. Prior to its eventual demonetization, the piece carried a legal tender face value equivalent to 0.025 ersh, or 0.0025 pounds.

The coin is composed of a cupronickel alloy, weighs 3 grams, and measures 19 millimeters in diameter and approximately 1.5 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment and a plain edge, and unlike most coins, is octagonal (eight-sided) in shape. Both rims are raised and decorated with a dentillated border.

Displayed in the middle of the obverse is a left-facing mustached portrait of King Fuad I with a tarboosh on his head and a uniform, along with the chain of the Order of the Nile and shoulder guards, on his upper torso. Designed by English artist Percy Metcalfe (1895–1970), this likeness first appeared on a series of medals from 1927, minted in commemoration of Fuad's visit to the United Kingdom that year. On the coin, Metcalfe's initials, "PM", are engraved in small print over a portion of the king's torso. The Arabic caption "فؤاد الأول ملك مصر" (Romanized: Fu’ād al-Awwal Malik Maṣr), translating as "Fuad I, King of Egypt", is inscribed in a counterclockwise direction from the lower left to lower right peripheries of the obverse, interrupted between the words "الأول" (al-Awwal) and "ملك" (Malik) by Fuad's likeness.

The Eastern Arabic numerals "٢١٢", equivalent to the Western Arabic "2½", are printed in a large font in the middle of the reverse. Engraved below, arched in the direction of the bottom rim, is the text "مليمات ونصف" (malīmāt wa-nuṣf), which translates as "milliemes and a half". This rendering of the value is only partially complete, as it lacks the necesssary "اثنان (iṯnān), meaning "two". Flanking the value to the left is the Gregorian date "١٩٣٣" (1933), and written to the right is the Islamic equivalent, "١٣٥٢ (1352). The Arabic state title of the Kingdom of Egypt, "المملكة المصرية" (al-Mamlakah al-Miṣrīyah), is written in large font along the upper and lower rims of the piece, with the word "المملكة" (al-Mamlakah) displayed in a counterclockwise direction along the top of the reverse and the "المصرية" (al-Miṣrīyah) appearing in the opposite direction at the bottom.

According to the popular Standard Catalog of World Coins, a total of approximately 4,000,000 examples of the coin were produced. While most examples are business strikes, a handful of non-circulated specimen coins are known to exist as well. As a one-year type, the 2½ millieme piece is not as common as the contemporary 1, 5, and 10 millieme coins, which were struck over a span of a few years.

ReferencesEdit

Template:Egyptian pound

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