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This article is about the coin of the Republic of Dahomey. For later coins of Benin, see Beninese 100 franc coin.
100 francs
Dahomey 100 francs 1.2 1971
Coin with "999.9" hallmark under "FRANCS"
General information
Country

Flag of Benin Dahomey

Value

100.00 CFA francs

Years

1971

Measurements and composition
Mass

5.15 g

Diameter

22 mm

Composition

silver

Appearance
Shape

round

Alignment

coin

Edge

reeded

Obverse

Coat of arms of Dahomey, state title, value, year

Reverse

Ganvié

v · d · e

The 100 franc coin is a commemorative piece issued in 1971 by the former Republic of Dahomey, now the Republic of Benin. It was minted in commemoration of the 10th anniversary of Dahomey's independence from France in 1960. Prior to its eventual demonetization, the piece carried a legal tender face value equivalent to 100.00 West African CFA francs in its country of origin. However, as a non-circulating legal tender (NCLT) coin, it was intended primarily for collectors and did not see any general circulation.

The piece was produced alongside other commemoratives denominated at 200; 500; 1,000; 2,500; 5,000; 10,000; and 25,000 francs.

The coin is composed of .999 fine silver, weighs 5.15 grams, and measures 22 millimeters in diameter. It has coin alignment and a reeded edge, and like most coins, is round in shape. The rims of both the obverse and reverse are raised and decorated with a beaded border.

Displayed at the upper center of the obverse is a rendition of the coat of arms of Dahomey – which consists of a quartered central escutcheon showing a castle in the style of the Somba in the upper left field, the Order of the Black Star in the upper right, a palm tree in the lower left, and a sailing ship in the lower right. Supporting the escutcheon are two leopards (Panthera pardus). Two horns are shown at the top of the arms, and a ribbon bearing the Dahomeyan national motto in French, "FRATERNITE JUSTICE TRAVAIL" (English: "Fellowship, Justice, Work"), is shown at the bottom. "REPUBLIQUE DU DAHOMEY", the French equivalent of "Republic of Dahomey", is written in a clockwise direction along the rims of the piece, flanking the illustration of the arms. The word "REPUBLIQUE", which lacks the acute over the first "E", is engraved along the obverse's left periphery, while the "DU DAHOMEY" is inscribed by the right boundary. Printed to the right of "REPUBLIQUE" in a smaller font, arched toward the left side of the coin, is the date "1er Août 1970", which translates to English as "August 1st, 1970". This identifies the date of Dahomey's decennial of independence. It is accompanied by "10ème Anniversaire", meaning "10th anniversary". This inscription appears to the left of "DU DAHOMEY", and curves toward the right side of the piece. Written at the top of the obverse between the horns in the arms is the Gregorian date of minting, "1971". The face value "100 FRANCS CFA" is engraved horizontally on three lines below the arms, with the numeral displayed in a larger font than the following words. An oval-shaped hallmark indicating the coin's silver purity is included in one of three positions on the obverse. The number "999.9" appears in the mark on some pieces above the "100" in the value or below the "S" in "FRANCS", and a "1000" is sometimes featured in lieu of the "999.9" under the "S". Ganvié, a lake village in Dahomey (and later Benin), is depicted in an illustration on the reverse. In the image, two people wearing hats are shown paddling boats near indigenous stilt houses. The caption "GANVIE" appears below, written in a counterclockwise direction along the coin's bottom rim.

A total of 4,650 examples of the piece were struck, all with a proof finish.

ReferencesEdit

 v · d · e
Currency of Dahomey
Banknotes 0.50 F1 F
Coins 100 F200 F500 F1,000 F2,500 F5,000 F10,000 F25,000 F
Miscellaneous Currency of BeninFrench West African francWest African CFA franc

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