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Cypriot 5 cent coin

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This article is about the former circulation coin of Cyprus. For the current euro coin, see Cypriot 5 euro cent coin.
5 cents

Cyprus 5 cents 2004
2004 coin

Cyprus 5 cents 1990
1990 coin

Cyprus 5 cents 1983
1983 coin

General information
Country

Flag of Cyprus Cyprus

Used by

Flag of Cyprus Cyprus (except Northern Cyprus) (1983–2009)
Flag of the United Kingdom Akrotiri and Dhekelia (1983–2009)

Value

£0.05

Years

19832004

Measurements and composition
Mass

3.75 g

Diameter

22 mm

Thickness

1.4 mm

Composition

nickel-brass

Appearance
Shape

round

Alignment

medallic

Edge

plain

Obverse

Coat of arms of Cyprus, state title, year

Reverse

Artwork from a 14th century BC silver bowl, value

v · d · e

The 5 cent coin is a former circulation piece of the Republic of Cyprus. It was issued by the Central Bank of Cyprus in three varieties from 1983 to 2004: the first in 1983, the second from 1985 to 1990, and the third from 1991 to 2004. All three varieties were struck under commission at the Royal Mint in Llantrisant, Wales, United Kingdom.

The 5 cent coin replaced the Cypriot 50 mil piece, which was the decimal replacement of the previous 1 shilling coin. For that reason, the piece is sometimes colloquially referred to as the σελίνι (Romanized: selíni), or "shilling", by Greek-speaking Cypriots. It is also known in Greek as the πεντάρα (Romanized: pentára) due to its face value.

The piece initially held legal tender status in Cyprus (excluding Northern Cyprus) and the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, carrying a nominal value of 0.05 pounds (lira). However, with Cyprus' adoption of the euro on January 1, 2008, the 5 cent coin was demonetized on January 31, 2008, but remained exchangeable until December 31, 2009.

The 5 cent piece is composed of a nickel-brass alloy of 70 percent copper, 24.5 percent zinc, and 5.5 percent nickel, and measures 3.75 grams in mass, 22 millimeters in diameter, and 1.4 millimeters in thickness. It has medallic alignment; raised, undecorated rims; and a plain edge, and like most coins, is round in shape.

The obverse was designed by Clara Zacharaki-Georgiou, a Greek-Cypriot artist. Featured in the middle is the coat of arms of Cyprus – which consists of a central escutcheon containing the date "1960" and a dove holding an olive branch in its mouth, surrounded by a wreath of olive branches. On pieces struck from 1983 to 1990, the branches of the wreath are large and the touch the escutcheon, and the dove's features are more defined. On later examples, however, the wreath and the escutcheon are considerably smaller and do not touch, and the dove is illustrated with much less detail. Printed next to the arms, extending clockwise from the lower left to lower right rims, are the names of Cyprus in English, Greek, and Turkish, the three most spoken languages in the island country. Respectively written as "CYPRUS", "ΚΥΠΡΟΣ" (Romanized: Kýpros), and "KIBRIS", the names are separated from one another by small circular points. The Gregorian date of minting occupies the coin's lower boundary, where it is printed counterclockwise in smaller font and flanked by two small points. This date is noticeably larger on coins struck from 1991 to 2004 than on earlier pieces.

The reverse, also designed by Zacharaki-Georgiou, features artwork of a bull's head and two flowers from a 14th century BC silver bowl recovered from a tomb in Enkomi. Such an artifact is currently presented in the Cyprus Museum in Nicosia. Engraved below the bull's head and between the two flowers is a large numeral "5", which indicates the coin's face value of 5 cents. On pieces struck in 1983, the field inside the numeral is raised, whereas on all later pieces the field is incuse.

Over 12 years of production, more than 82,066,250 examples of the 5 cent coin were produced, including over 82,060,000 pieces with a standard finish and 6,250 proofs. The standard coins were struck during all 12 years, while the proofs were only manufactured during 1983. A small number of uncirculated standard coins were included in mint sets in 1983, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1994, 2004, and 2007, and all of the proofs were placed into proof sets.

Mintages
Year Variety Mintage
1983 Large escutcheon and wreath, raised "5", small date 15,000,000[1]
1983 Proof 6,250[2]
1985 Large escutcheon and wreath, incuse "5", small date 5,000,000
1987 5,000,000[3]
1988 5,060,000[3]
1990 Unknown[3]
1991 Small escutcheon and wreath, incuse "5", large date 4,000,000
1992 4,000,000
1993 5,000,000
1994 8,000,000[3]
1998 1,000,000
2001 15,000,000
2004 15,000,000[3]
Total > 82,066,250
  1. 11,400 included in mint sets
  2. All included in proof sets
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Unknown number included in mint sets

ReferencesEdit

Template:Cypriot pound

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