- This article is about the coin issued after the takeover of Cyprus by the Crusaders. For earlier coins of the Byzantine Empire, see Cypriot 1 tetarteron coin (Byzantine).
|Measurements and composition|
|v · d · e|
The 1 tetarteron coin is a piece of currency that was issued around 1191 by the Kingdom of Cyprus, a Crusader state located on what is now the island of Cyprus. It is believed to have been made for King Richard I of England (1157–1199) by Guy of Lusignan (1150–1194) during the former's time on Cyprus in the Third Crusade. Because examples have been found on Cyprus and the Palestine-Syria region, the piece is thought to have been struck by the island kingdom and taken to the mainland of Asia by Richard's men.
The coin is composed of copper and is fairly light, generally weighing between 0.7 and 0.82 grams. It is irregularly round in shape, and examples tend to have varying die axes and diameters. Featured in the center of the obverse is a facing crowned image of King Richard holding in his left hand (at the right) a globus cruciger, a Christian symbol of authority consisting of an orb with a cross above, and in his right a scepter with a cross at its tip. A cross on three steps is shown on the reverse, its top arm reading "R", the arm at the right of the coin reading "E", and that at the left reading "X". Together these letters form the Latin word "REX", which translates as "king".