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Canton of Fribourg
Flag of Canton of Fribourg Wappen Freiburg matt
Flag Coat of arms
Karte Lage Kanton Freiburg 2011
Capital

Fribourg

Languages

French, German

Currency
Establishment

-Joined the Confederation

1481

v · d · e

The Canton of Fribourg is a current canton of Switzerland. It is located in the country's west. The capital of the canton has the same namesake as it, being named Fribourg. The two major languages spoken in Fribourg, French and German, both have different names for the canton. In French, the name is Fribourg, while in German it is Freiburg.

HistoryEdit

Near the lakes of Neuchâtel and Morat, traces of prehistoric settlements have been discovered, suggesting that people have inhabited Fribourg for a long time.

By 532, all of modern-day Switzerland became a part of Francia until the 10th century, being given to the Holy Roman Empire until 1641, when the canton decided to join the Old Swiss Confederacy. As of today, the Canton of Fribourg still remains a canton of the current Switzerland.

EconomyEdit

Currently, agriculture is one of the most prominent economic activities of Fribourg, more common in the north due to more fertile land. The main agricultural activities are cattle breeding and dairy farming. The production of cheese is also prominent, particularly in La Gruyère, which is known for its production of Gruyère cheese. Chocolate making is also well established in the canton.

A small amount of industry can be found around the capital of the canton, Fribourg, as well as in Bulle, Villars-sur-Glâne, Düdingen, and Estavayer-le-Lac. Forests are important for business in the La Gruyère district.

The La Sarine District has several electric power plants built in its limits used for powering homes as well as for export. The mountain and lake areas are important for tourism in the canton.

CurrencyEdit

16 Franken 1800 HR 681735

A sixteen franken coin of the Helvetic Republic.

The Canton of Fribourg has used a number of currencies. Under the rule of Francia, the canton presumably used Byzantine coinage until Theudebert I began issuing the solidus and triens, which were issued from 534 to 679. Later, the denarius and penning were used in Fribourg. When the Holy Roman Empire annexed the area, it is presumed that Fribourg used the numerous currencies of the Holy Roman Empire. Even after the canton joined the Old Swiss Confederation, it is possible that the Holy Roman Empire issued their currencies here, though the land was de facto owned by the Confederation. The Treaty of Westphalia probably brought about the beginning of the Fribourg gulden, which was used until the Helvetic Republic had been established in 1798. During this time, the Swiss franc was introduced and used until 1803, when the republic fell. For a number of years after, the canton used the Fribourg frank as their currency before being annexed into modern-day Switzerland in 1850, using the Swiss franc once again.

ReferencesEdit

Template:Switzerland cantons

 v · d · e
Swiss franc
Banknotes 5 CHF10 CHF20 CHF40 CHF50 CHF100 CHF200 CHF500 CHF1000 CHF
Coins 1 rappen (HR) • 2 rappen5 rappen10 rappen20 rappen½ batzen1 batzen5 batzen10 batzen20 batzen½ CHF1 CHF2 CHF40 batzen4 CHF5 CHF10 CHF16 CHF20 CHF25 CHF32 CHF50 CHF100 CHF200 CHF250 CHF500 CHF1000 CHF

110 unze¼ unze½ unze1 unze5 unze12 unze₠1₠51 ceros2 ceros5 ceros10 ceros20 ceros50 ceros1 europ2 europ5 europ1 silbertaler20 rond

Miscellaneous Bern MintBasel MintLiechtenstein frankOrell Füssli Arts Graphiques SASolothurn MintSwiss National BankSwissmint

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