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The 100,000 euro coin, nicknamed "Big Phil", is a bullion coin of the Vienna Philharmonic coin series that was issued by the Republic of Austria in 2004 in commemoration of the 15th anniversary of the series' inception. It is the highest denominated euro coin ever minted, and was the world's largest coin until 2007, when it was succeeded by Canada's 1,000,000 dollar coin. It was first presented at a gala event at the Wiener Riesenrad Ferris wheel in Vienna. One example is currently on display in the foyer of the pro aurum headquarters in Munich, Germany.
The coin is composed of .9999 fine gold (99.99% gold, .01% copper), weighs 31.103 kilograms, and measures 370 millimeters in diameter and 20 millimeters in thickness. At the time of issuance, the amount of gold used to produce the coin was about €1,250,000. The coin uses medal alignment, bears a reeded edge and raised rims, and is circular in shape. Like the other Vienna Philharmonic coins, it was designed and engraved by Austrian sculptor and mint official Thomas Pesendorfer (1952–), and produced at Vienna.
Featured in the center of the obverse is the organ from the Musikverein concert hall in Vienna. Inscribed above it along the coin's periphery is the German state title "REPUBLIK ÖSTERREICH" (English: "Republic of Austria"), and directly below the instrument is an indication of the gold purity, which reads "1000 UNZEN GOLD 999.9" (English: "1000 ounces of 999.9 gold"). The date is printed in relatively small text underneath the purity, and the value "100000 EURO" is present at the very bottom of the obverse, arched around the rim.
An assortment of musical instruments used by the Vienna Philharmonic orchestra is shown on the reverse, including a cello in the center; four violins, with two at each side of the cello; a Viennese horn and bassoon, both above the violins at the left, the latter partially covered by the cello; and a harp, located above the violins at the right, with portions concealed by the cello and violins. Inscribed along the upper rim of the reverse is the German legend "WIENER PHILHARMONIKER", which translates to English as "Vienna Philharmonic".
Only 15 examples of the coin were produced. This mintage was chosen because the coin was manufactured to commemorate 15 years of the popular Vienna Philharmonic bullion coin series.
- Euro gold and silver commemorative coins (Austria) on the English Wikipedia
- Numista: 100000 Euro "Vienna Philharmonic" (Gold Bullion Coinage) — Austria 2004
- Vienna Philharmonic Coin – WikiCoins
- Financial Cryptography: Austria issues 100,000 Euro coin
|Vienna Philharmonic coins|
|Euro||€1.50 • €4 • €10 • €25 • €50 • €100 • €2000 • €100,000|
|Schilling||S200 • S500 • S1000 • S2000|
|Miscellaneous||Austrian Mint • Bullion coin • Thomas Pesendorfer|
|Austrian euro coins|
|Official coins||1c • 2c • 5c • 10c • 20c • 50c • €1 • €1.50 • €2 • €4 • €5 • €10 • €20 • €25 • €50 • €100 • €2000 • €100,000|
|Fantasy coins|| ECU: ₠5 • ₠10 • ₠25|
Euro: €2½ • €5 • €10 • €20 • €25 • €250
|Miscellaneous||Austrian Mint • Austrian schilling • European Central Bank • Josef Kaiser • Vienna Philharmonic coins|