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The 5 cèntim coin is a commemorative coin that was formerly issued by the Principality of Andorra from 2002 to 2008. It had a value equivalent to 0.05 Andorran diners, or 0.0375 euros[n 1], prior to demonetization.
All of the Andorran 5 cèntim coins are composed of brass. Also, each is round in shape and has medallic alignment. The pieces produced from 2002 to 2004 weigh approximately 4.5 grams and measure 21.8 millimeters in diameter, while those minted from 2005 to 2008 have masses of 5.5 grams and diameters of 24.5 millimeters. In addition, the pieces made from 2002 to 2004 have plain edges while those of their later-dated counterparts are reeded.
The obverse designs for the coins from the two time periods differs as well. Featured in the center of both obverses is the coat of arms of Andorra — which consists of the combined arms of La Seu d'Urgell, the former County of Foix, the former Crown of Aragon, and the former Viscountcy of Béarn in a single escutcheon that is surrounded by a decorative border with the Latin motto "VIRTVS VNITA FORTIOR" (Virtus Unita Fortior; English: "United virtue is stronger") at the bottom. On the coins produced from 2002 to 2004, the Catalan state title "PRINCIPAT D'ANDORRA" (English: "Principality of Andorra") is engraved in relatively small text around the periphery above the arms, starting at the left side of the coin, arching at the top, and ending on the opposite side of the obverse, while the date is printed at the very bottom of the coin in the same size of font. On the later pieces the arms is surrounded by a circular border of sorts that is broken beneath the arms by the abbreviated value "5 ct.". The state title is in the same position as it is on the 2002-2004 coins, but is printed in a larger font, and thus starts and ends a bit further down the coin. Like on the earlier coins, the date of minting is featured at the very bottom of the obverse, but in contrast to the earlier coins, it is written a bit smaller than the state title.
Squirrel coin (2002)Edit
The Red Squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) is a tree squirrel native to much of Europe and Northern Asia, including Andorra. In 2002, during the reign of Co-Princes Joan Martí i Alanis (1928–2009) and Jacques Chirac (1932–), the Principality of Andorra produced its first 5 cèntim coin, which commemorated the native squirrel. An image of a Red Squirrel facing left on top of what is described as a stump is shown in the center of the reverse. Inscribed around the coin's rim above this depiction is the value, which reads "5 CÈNTIMS". Written along the right periphery of the coin, near the squirrel's tail, is the Catalan word "Esquirol", which translates to English as "squirrel".
Western Capercaillie coin (2002)Edit
The Western Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), also known as the Eurasian Capercaillie, is a species of grouse that is native to portions of Europe and Northern Asia. One specific subspecies, Tetrao urogallus aquitanicus, is particularly native to the Pyrenees mountain range, the area in which Andorra is located. The second Andorran 5 cèntim coin of 2002 commemorates this endemic bird. Featured in the middle of the reverse is an image of a male Western Capercaillie facing right and showing its plumage. It is shown standing on a branch. The value "5 CÈNTIMS" is printed along the upper rim of the coin, and "Gall Fer", a Catalan name meaning "capercaillie" or "grouse", is inscribed around the coin's right periphery.
The Standard Catalog of World Coins currently includes this coin, but does not provide any mintage information.
Cross of Seven Arms coin (2003)Edit
The Cross of Seven Arms is a Gothic cross located between the Andorran towns of Canillo and Meritxell. It is associated with a legend involving a cowardly young villager from Prats who killed a boy playing a trick on him, believing him to be the Devil. According to the legend, the cross was erected so people would remember the consequences of the actions of the deceased boy and his friends.[n 2] In 2003, during the reign of Co-Princes Joan Enric Vives Sicília (1949–) and Jacques Chirac, a 5 cèntim coin commemorating the Cross of Seven Arms was issued by the Andorran government. The cross itself and the ground beneath it is shown in the center of the reverse. To the left of the depiction, the value "5 CÈNTIMS" is printed on two lines. Starting at the coin's top left rim, arching at the top, and ending at the bottom right periphery of the coin is the Catalan legend "Creu de les set branques", which translates to English as "Cross of the Seven Arms".
The coin is included in the Standard Catalog of World Coins, but no mintages are given.
Sant Serni de Nagol coin (2003)Edit
The Església de Sant Serni de Nagol is a church located in Sant Julià de Lòria, Andorra that was established in 1055 by Guillem Guifredo, the Bishop of Urgell from 1040 to 1075. In commemoration of the historical building, the Government of Andorra introduced a 5 cèntim coin in 2003 with the church as its theme. In the middle of the reverse is an image of a wall painting of an eagle from the Església de Sant Serni de Nagol. The value "5 CÈNTIMS" is written to the right of the depiction, with the numeral and denomination printed on their own lines. Inscribed around the rim of the coin is the Catalan legend "Fragment mural - Sant Serni de Nagol", which translates to English as "Mural fragment - Sant Serni de Nagol". This text starts at the bottom left periphery of the coin and extends upward along the rim before arching downward at the top of the coin and ending at the coin's upper right rim.
The coin is listed in the Standard Catalog of World Coins, but the publication does not include any mintage figures.
Creu Grossa coin (2004)Edit
The Creu Grossa (English: "Large Cross") is a Gothic-style cross statue in Andorra la Vella that is believed to have been made in the 16th or 17th century. It has two sides: one featuring Jesus during his crucifixion and the other depicting Mary with an infant Jesus. In commemoration of the notable monument, the Government of Andorra introduced a 5 cèntim coin in 2004 using it as its theme. The cross is engraved at an angle in the center of the reverse, the side featuring a crucified Jesus visible. To the left of the depiction is the value "5 CÈNTIMS", with the numeral and the word being printed on separate lines. Arched around the right periphery of the coin is the Catalan inscription "La Creu Grossa" (English: "The Large Cross").
Krause's Standard Catalog of World Coins currently lists this piece under a section entitled "ANDORRA", but does not provide any details concerning how many examples were produced.
Mare de Déu de Canòlic coin (2004)Edit
The Mare de Déu de Canòlic is a church and Marian shrine located in Sant Julià de Lòria that was built in the 17th century. This monument, a Natural Heritage Site of the Andorran protection agency Patrimoni Cultural, was made the subject of a 5 cèntim coin of 2004. Depicted in the center of the coin's obverse is an angled image of the statue of Mary and infant Jesus inside the Mare de Déu de Canòlic. To the right of the image is the value "5 CÈNTIMS", with the numeral and the word "CÈNTIMS" printed on their own lines. Inscribed around the coin's rim to the left of the depiction is the Catalan legend "Mare de Déu de Canòlic", starting at the bottom left periphery of the coin and extending upward to end at the upper right rim.
The coin is listed in the Standard Catalog of World Coins, but no information regarding the number of examples produced is included.
Death of Pope John Paul II coin (2005)Edit
Pope John Paul II (1920–2005), born Karol Józef Wojtyła, was the head of the Catholic Church from 1978 until his death in 2005. Prior to his papacy, he also held the positions of Auxiliary Bishop of Kraków and Bishop of Ombi from 1958 to 1964, Archbishop of Kraków from 1964 to 1978, and Cardinal-Priest of San Cesareo in Palatio from 1967 to 1978. In 2005, Andorra, whose population is predominantly Roman Catholic, issued a 5 cèntim coin to commemorate the pope's passing that year. Featured in the center of the reverse is a right-facing image of John Paul II during his time as a bishop wearing a mitre. His name "KAROL WOJTYLA" is inscribed around the rim above the likeness, while "1958 • BISBE • 1964" (bisbe meaning "bishop" in Catalan) is written along the periphery below the image, signifying the time interval in which he was a bishop in the Catholic Church.
Krause's Standard Catalog of World Coins records this coin to have a mintage of 15,000 pieces.
Santa Coloma coin (2005–2008)Edit
The Església de Santa Coloma d'Andorra is a church located in Santa Coloma that was built between the 9th and 12th centuries. The monument, recognized as a Natural Heritage Site by the Andorran Patrimoni Cultural, was made the subject of a 5 cèntim coin issued by the Principality of Andorra annually from 2005 to 2008. Featured in the center of the coin's reverse is a wall painting from the Església de Santa Coloma d'Andorra. This painting consists of an image of a seated haloed Jesus in the center of an elliptical frame. Featured to the left Jesus' image are an angel and griffin, and to the right of his likeness are a bird and another griffin, each with a halo around its head. Inscribed around the rim above the entire illustration is the legend "SANTA COLOMA", and engraved along the periphery at the bottom of the coin is the Catalan text "FRAGMENT PICTÒRIC", which translates to English as "painting fragment".
Over four years of production, a total of approximately 40,000 examples of this coin were produced. Of which, 15,000 were produced in 2005; 10,000 in both 2006 and 2007; and 5,000 in 2008.
Pope Benedict XVI coin (2006)Edit
Following the death of John Paul II, on April 19, 2005, Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger (1927–) was elected as the 265th Pope of the Catholic Church and assumed the papal name of Benedict XVI. Prior to his papacy, Benedict XVI held several positions in the Church, including Archbishop of Munich and Freising from 1977 to 1982, Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria Consolatrice al Tiburtino from 1977 to 1993, Cardinal-Bishop of Velletri-Segni from 1993 to 2005, and Dean of the College of Cardinals from 2002 to 2005. In 2006 the Government of Andorra issued a 5 cèntim coin celebrating the new pope. A facing image of Benedict XVI during his time as an archbishop is shown in the center of the coin's reverse. His name "JOSEPH RATZINGER" is arched around the rim above his likeness, while the legend "ARQUEBISBE 1977 25.3.1977" (arquebisbe meaning "archbishop" in Catalan) is shown below the portrait, signifying the date when Benedict XVI became the Archbishop of Munich and Freising.
A total of approximately 15,000 examples of this coin was produced.
Pope Benedict XV coin (2007)Edit
Pope Benedict XV (1854–1922) was the head of the Catholic church from 1914 to his death in 1922. He served as one of the first popes of the 20th century, only succeeded by Leo XIII and Pius X. In 2007 the Principality of Andorra issued a 5 cèntim coin celebrating the life of the former pope. A left-facing image of Benedict XV is shown in the center of the reverse. Inscribed around the left rim of the coin is the text "BENET XV", the Catalan name of the commemorated pope. Arched around the coin's right periphery is the legend "1914–1922", which signifies the duration of the papacy of Benedict XV.
Only about 5000 examples of this coin are reported to have been produced.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 One Andorran diner has a pegged value equal to 0.75 euros. Thus, 0.05 diner would be equal to 0.0375 euros.
- ↑ The entire legend regarding the Cross of Seven Arms