Fandom

Currency Wiki

African Union

915pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk1 Share
 
African Union
الاتحاد الأفريقي (Arabic)
Union africaine (French)
União Africana (Portuguese)
Unión Africana (Spanish)
Umoja wa Afrika (Swahili)
Flag African Union Emblem of the African Union
Flag Emblem
African Union (orthographic projection)
     Current members
     Suspended members
     Other countries
Political capitals Flag of Ethiopia Addis Ababa
Flag of South Africa Midrand
Official languages
5; click to

Arabic
French
English
Spanish
Portuguese
Swahili
Other African languages

Demonym

African

Members
54; click to

Flag of Algeria Algeria
Flag of Angola Angola
Flag of Benin Benin
Flag of Botswana Botswana
Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso
Flag of Burundi Burundi
Flag of Cameroon Cameroon
Flag of Cape Verde Cape Verde
Flag of the Central African Republic Central African Republic (suspended)
Flag of Chad Chad
Flag of the Comoros Comoros
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire Côte d'Ivoire
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo
Flag of the Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo
Flag of Djibouti Djibouti
Flag of Egypt Egypt
Flag of Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea
Flag of Eritrea Eritrea
Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia
Flag of Gabon Gabon
Flag of The Gambia Gambia
Flag of Ghana Ghana
Flag of Guinea Guinea
Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau
Flag of Kenya Kenya
Flag of Lesotho Lesotho
Flag of Liberia Liberia
Flag of Libya Libya
Flag of Madagascar Madagascar
Flag of Malawi Malawi
Flag of Mali Mali
Flag of Mauritania Mauritania
Flag of Mauritius Mauritius
Flag of Mozambique Mozambique
Flag of Namibia Namibia
Flag of Niger Niger
Flag of Nigeria Nigeria
Flag of Rwanda Rwanda
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe São Tomé and Príncipe
Flag of Senegal Senegal
Flag of Seychelles Seychelles
Flag of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone
Flag of Somalia Somalia
Flag of South Africa South Africa
Flag of South Sudan South Sudan
Flag of Sudan Sudan
Flag of Swaziland Swaziland
Flag of Tanzania Tanzania
Flag of Togo Togo
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia
Flag of Uganda Uganda
Flag of Zambia Zambia
Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe

Currency

Planned for 2023

Current

Algerian dinar
Angolan kwanza
Botswana pula
Burundian franc
Cape Verdean escudo
Central African CFA franc
Comorian franc
Congolese franc
Djiboutian franc
Egyptian pound
Eritrean nakfa
Ethiopian birr
Gambian dalasi
Ghanaian cedi
Guinean franc
Kenyan shilling
Lesotho loti
Liberian dollar
Libyan dinar
Malagasy ariary
Malawian kwacha
Mauritanian ouguiya
Mauritian rupee
Moroccan dirham
Mozambican metical
Namibian dollar
Nigerian naira
Rwandan franc
São Tomé and Príncipe dobra
Seychellois rupee
Sierra Leonean leone
Somali shilling
South African rand
South Sudanese pound
Sudanese pound
Swazi lilangeni
Tanzanian shilling
Tunisian dinar
Ugandan shilling
West African CFA franc
Zambian kwacha

Establishment
-OAU Charter

May 25, 1963

-Abuja Treaty

June 3, 1991

-Sirte Declaration

July 9, 2002

GDP (PPP)
-Total

US$3.757 trillion (2014)

-Per capita

$3,568 (2014)

GDP (nominal)
-Total

US$2.390 trillion (2014)

-Per capita

$2,173 (2014)

v · d · e

The African Union (abbreviated AU in English and UA in different languages) is a geopolitical union consisting of 54 African states. The only African state not part of the African Union is Morocco. It was established on July 9, 2002, succeeding the Organization of African Unity (OAU).

HistoryEdit

Flag of the Union of African States (1961-1962)

The foundation of the African Union was the Union of African States.

The first attempt to create a single unified state encompassing the whole of the African continent were made by colonial powers in Europe during the 19th century, intent on using the number of natural resources and manpower the continent had to offer to their empires. However, rivalries between many of the powers made this impossible, and much of Africa later became shared by Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom. The Union of African States was one of the first unions of African nations. It only existed from 1958 to 1962 and consisted of three members: Ghana, Guinea, and Mali. The Organization of African Unity was then established the following year, but was disbanded in 2002 by its president, South African President Thabo Mbeki (1942–).

The idea of establishing the African Union was revived during the mid-1990s under leadership by Libyan head of state Muammar Gaddafi (1942–2011). The heads of state and government of the OAU introduced the Sirte Declaration on September 9, 1999, which called for the introduction of the AU. This meeting was followed by summits at Lomé in 2000, when the Constitutive Act of the African Union was adopted, and at Lusaka in 2001, when the plan for the implementation of the union was adopted. The organization was officially launched in Durban in 2002, succeeding the Organization of African Unity.

Morocco, the only African state that is not a member of the African Union, left the AU's predecessor, the Organization for African Unity, in 1984, when several member states supported the inclusion of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.

Since the inception of the African Union, a handful of states have had their memberships suspended as a result of local political conflicts, including Burkina Faso, the Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Egypt, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, and Togo. Of these, only the Central African Republic is currently suspended.

EconomyEdit

All of the states of the African Union make up a nominal GDP of US$1.627 trillion. By measuring GDP by PPP, the African Union's economy totals $2.849 trillion. Currently, there are over forty currencies found in circulation within the AU, which gives the AU the intent to establish a common currency and a single central bank among its states as early as 2028.

The AU's future goals include creating a free trade area, a customs union, a single market, and a common currency.

Member statesEdit

Currently, there are 54 member states of the African Union, constituting of every African country but Morocco, which withdrew from the OAU in 1984. The countries are:

Flag of Algeria Algeria
Flag of Angola Angola
Flag of Benin Benin
Flag of Botswana Botswana
Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso
Flag of Burundi Burundi
Flag of Cameroon Cameroon
Flag of Cape Verde Cape Verde
Flag of the Central African Republic Central African Republic (suspended)
Flag of Chad Chad
Flag of the Comoros Comoros
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire Côte d'Ivoire
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo
Flag of the Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo
Flag of Djibouti Djibouti
Flag of Egypt Egypt
Flag of Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea
Flag of Eritrea Eritrea
Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia
Flag of Gabon Gabon

Flag of The Gambia The Gambia
Flag of Ghana Ghana
Flag of Guinea Guinea
Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau
Flag of Haiti Haiti (observer)
Flag of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan (observer)
Flag of Kenya Kenya
Flag of Latvia Latvia (observer)
Flag of Lesotho Lesotho
Flag of Liberia Liberia
Flag of Libya Libya
Flag of Lithuania Lithuania (observer)
Flag of Madagascar Madagascar
Flag of Malawi Malawi
Flag of Mali Mali
Flag of Mauritania Mauritania
Flag of Mauritius Mauritius
Flag of Morocco Morocco (formerly)
Flag of Mozambique Mozambique
Flag of Namibia Namibia
Flag of Niger Niger

Flag of Nigeria Nigeria
Flag of Palestine Palestine (observer)
Flag of Rwanda Rwanda
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe São Tomé and Príncipe
Flag of Serbia Serbia (observer)
Flag of Senegal Senegal
Flag of Seychelles Seychelles
Flag of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone
Flag of Somalia Somalia
Flag of South Africa South Africa
Flag of South Sudan South Sudan
Flag of Sudan Sudan
Flag of Swaziland Swaziland
Flag of Tanzania Tanzania
Flag of Togo Togo
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia
Flag of Turkey Turkey (observer)
Flag of Uganda Uganda
Flag of Zambia Zambia
Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

 v · d · e
Africa
Countries AlgeriaAngolaBeninBotswanaBurkina FasoBurundiCameroonCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadComorosDemocratic Republic of the CongoRepublic of the CongoCôte d'IvoireDjiboutiEgyptEquatorial GuineaEritreaEthiopiaGabonGambiaGhanaGuineaGuinea-BissauKenyaLesothoLiberiaLibyaMadagascarMalawiMaliMauritaniaMauritiusMoroccoMozambiqueNamibiaNigerNigeriaRwandaSão Tomé and PríncipeSenegalSeychellesSierra LeoneSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth SudanSudanSwazilandTanzaniaTogoTunisiaUgandaZambiaZimbabwe
Unrecognized countries SomalilandSahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara)
Non-sovereign territories AscensionCanary IslandsCeutaFrench Southern and Antarctic Lands* • MadeiraMayotteMelilla
Plazas de soberaníaRéunionSaint HelenaTristan da Cunha

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.